CONSERVATION GROUP Friends of the Irish Environment has called for the "full weight of the law" to be brought to bear following the complete destruction of two ancient ring forts located in Co Cork... continues...
The following is a list of town-land names that I have translated from the map (in 'images') above. In order to keep clutter on the (small-scale) picture to a minimum, I have only inscribed those town-lands that contain megalithic remains. For this same reason I have omitted two standing stones from the sketches in Coolnaconarty. The topographical names appear in bold print on the map and are listed in the second section.
Reavouler; Baldir's Plain; Standing Stone
Killinga; Church of the (Finger) Nail; Standing Stone (Possible Stone Pair)
Curraghnaloughra; Moor of the Rushes; Standing Stone
Garryglass; Green Moor; Stone Circle
Tullig; Gentle Hill; Standing Stone
Reanascreena; Plain of the Shrine; Stone Circle
Milleenagun; Hillock of the Hounds; Standing Stone, Wedge Tomb
Lettergorman; Gorman's Hillside; Standing Stone, Four-Poster, Stone Circle
Knockawaddra; Hill of the Dog; Stone Pair, Stone Row
Maulatanvally; Hillock of the Old Town; Anomalous Stone Group, Stone Circle
Glanbrack; Speckled Glen; Anomalous Stone Pair, Stone Circle
Carrigagrenane; Rock of the Sun; Two Stone Circles
Sarue; (In this case; the Blind) Stream; Stone Pair
Inchinattin; Meadow of the Furze; Standing Stone
Coolnaconarty; Corner of the Hounds; Five Standing Stones (inc. Possible Anomalous Stone Pair)
Knocks; Hills; Standing Stone (Possible Stone Pair), Stone Pair (Possible Stone Row), Two Stone Circles
Derreen; Oak Grove; Standing Stone
Caherkirky; Fort of the Moors; Standing Stone, Two Boulder Burials
Knockatlowig; Hill of the Host (of People); Stone Row
Ahagilla; Field of the Standing Stones; Stone Circle
Coolcraheen; Crahen's Corner; Standing Stone
The area included is approximately 14km from east to west and 9km north to south; the western Argideen river-valley, the hills around Carrigfadda and "a remarkable concentration of recumbent stone circles, Five-Stone rings and Four Posters."* The relevant name-translations are based on information provided at http://www.logainm.ie, with the exception of the following; Reavouler, Garryglass, Reanascreena, Carrigagrenane, Sarue, Caherkirky, Knockatlowig, and Ahagilla.**
*Burl, "A Guide to the Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany", 2005; 227.
**Reavouler; "Mowler's Plain" in logainm.ie. The 'v' sound in the name and the presence of a 'd' in the earliest examples (Revaldir etc.) inclined me instead towards the use of Baldir or Balder, similar to the translation of Carhoovauler in the same resource; "Boulder's Quarter".
Garryglass; "Green Garden" in logainm.ie. Although this is a perfectly valid translation, with precedent elsewhere in the country, the local pronunciation of the name and the type of landscape, have inclined me towards "curry" (marsh/moor), rather than "garry".
Reanascreena; Not translated in logainm.ie; "Ring of the Shrine" in Burl (2005); According to P.W. Joyce "Reidh" is a coarse mountain flat (plain), which makes sense in the context of this town-land's location.
Carrigagrenane; "Rock of the Bower/Arbor" in logainm.ie; "Rock of the House of the Sun" in Burl (2005); Local pronunciation drops the final syllable of the town-land's name and the area is referred to by the older generation, in English, as "Sunny Rock". At the risk of being romantic, I followed this convention.
Sarue; "Overpowering, Profaning" in logainm.ie. According to Joyce "Sruth" is a stream.
Caherkirky; "The Hen's Stone Fort" in logainm.ie. "Corcach" meaning marsh or moor seems more plausible than "Cearc" as a basis for "Kirky", yet the pronunciation of that term, as evidenced in other local names, is not exactly like that found here. Not sure about this one.
Knockatlowig; Not translated in logainm.ie. According to Joyce "Sluagh" is a host or great grouping of people.
Ahagilla; Not translated in logainm.ie. According to Joyce "Achadh" is a field and "Gall" a standing stone, or foreigner.
An tAirgidin; Silver River
Carrigfadda; The Long Rock
Loch Atarriff; Lake of the Bull
Glashagleragh; Noisy Stream
Clashatarriff; Furrow of the Bull
Corran Lake; Lake of the Cairn
Curraghalicky Lake; Lake of the Flagstone Moor
An tSaobhnósach; River of False Custom
I'd concur with Iron Man's recommendation on this handy tourist field guide. Used this little booklet extensively whilst visiting sites in Cork last year. The book (ISBN 1 901983519) includes a map with some stylised pen and ink drawings. Similar publications I found of use when planning visits to sites were "Antiquities of West Cork" by the same author (ISBN 1 001083101) and an illustrated map/guide "Antiqities of the Beara Peninsula". All three can be purchased from good sized local Tourist Information Ofiices.
For the completist, I also found the following in a bookshop in Bantry very useful:
An Archaeological Survey of the Mealagh Valley (1998) David Myler (ISBN 0 95349280X).
Anyone wishing to spend time visiting the stone circles of this area should try and pick up a copy of Jack Roberts' excellent 'Stone Circles of Cork and Kerry - an astronomical guide', available from most of the tourist information centres (I picked up my copy from the shop in Bantry for 7 euro, which was roughly £4.30 sterling at the time of writing). The notes on the back of the book read:
There are over 100 stone circles in the Cork/Kerry region, the greatest concentration of Stone Circles to be found in Europe. They are of a unique type, the most distinct feature being their astronomical-calendrical orientation. At many of the circles the astronomical alignment is also harmonised with features of the sacred landscape.
Most of the entries include sketches of the site and/or a plan, with alignments illustrated. The notes include directions for getting to the sites, but be warned, these are not always entirely accurate!
Nutgrove (Standing Stone / Menhir) — Miscellaneous
A Gallaun near Ballindangan, Co. Cork.
(By Courtenay Moore, Canon, M.A., Council Member C.H. and A.S.)
"Some months ago, a Corporal Oscroft of the Royal Engineers, who was engaged in this district, told me of the existence of the Gallaun. I went out on Saturday, July the 16th, to find it out. Stopping at the level-crossing of Ballindangan, on the Mitchelstown and Fermoy Railway, I asked an old woman at the gate-house about it; but whether it was owing to her deafness or ignorance, she could give me no information. However, help was at hand, a bright, intelligent girl, just entered on her 'teens, who overheard the conversation, and who answered to the name of Mary Kate, came forward and said she knew the stone and the way to it. Under her guidance I started off, and in about seven minutes we reached the place.
The Gallaun is a remarkable one, standing by itself in a field near the railway line. It is a monolith, ten feet nine inches in height, and five feet in superficial breadth; it is greatly scored and fissured, doubtless by the atmospheric influences and ice-action, but I could not see any human inscription on it of any kind. There is a small elder tree growing out of a cavity near the top.
The Gallaun is out of the perpendicular, probably owing to some yielding of the earth at the base, and inclines at an angle, roughly speaking, of some 12 or 20 degrees. It would be a great pity if this inclination increased, and that the stone should eventually fall.
On returning to the gate-lodge at the level crossing, I made some further enquiries, and by this time Mary Kate, my guide, was recognised by all and sundry as the proper authority. She said the Gallaun was in the town of Kilnadrow, "Spill it for him, Mary Kate, spill it for the gintleman," said her grandmother. Mary Kate accordingly "spilt it."
[...] The thickness of the stone is about one foot six inches. How much of it is under ground I have no definite idea; judging from the inclination, there is probably not very much. An old woman, who lives in the locality, informed me that a number of years ago, a man was ploughing up the field in which the Gallaun stands. The plough struck against a large flat stone, which he raised, and found under it an earthen urn containing some human bones. He replaced the urn, covered it up, and it has never been disturbed nor re-discovered since. At all events, the existence of the Ballindangan Gallaun is worth recording as a remarkable specimen of its class of pre-historic antiquities.