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Fieldnotes by Nucleus

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Langholz (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech)

At the eastern edge of the forest, about 500m north of Langholz, the Dolmen of Langholz is situated, a megalithic chamber running in a north-south direction. The site, which is part of the Megalithic Routes of Schleswig-Holstein, is in good condition since it was restored in 1977.

It is an extended dolmen, the approximately 2 m × 1 m large rectangular chamber is made of five supporting stones, in the south there is a low entrance stone. It is covered with a capstone, its dimensions are approximately 1.8 m × 1.5 m.

The site was originally covered by a heaped up mound. In the "Atlas of Germany's Megalithic Tombs" by Ernst Sprockhoff, the dolmen is still described as almost completely destroyed.

To visit the site, drive through Langholz on the road Ostseestraße. At the street fork, stay on the Ostseestraße (left) and after about 300 m you'll reach a small car park on the left. Park you car here and walk along the road for another 130m until you come to a small crossing. Turn left here into the road Seeblick. Walk along the road in a northwest direction, after 100m the road turns into a field track. Follow this track for additional 400m until you reach the forest. The tomb is signposted here and is situated in the wood on the left 70m from the track.

P.S.: The image stabilizer on my camera didn't work properly on this tour, so some of my images are unfortunately out of focus. Sorry for that.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site Megalithic Routes in Schleswig-Holstein information board:

Megalith chamber of Langholz

This free-standing megalith chamber, restored in 1977, was part of an covered megalithic tomb. The construction is known as an extended dolmen, an early form of a large stone grave. The term describes a burial mound with a burial chamber made of at least three supporting stones, which hold at least one stone on top.

Weighty business
Without doubt, the stones in front of us are mighty. So the question is, how did they get into this position? The site is so complex that it required a certain amount of planning. In preparation for transporting the stones, logs were collected and processed so that they could be pulled on them. The production of enough ropes as a pulling aid also probably took a few weeks in advance. The tons of stones could only be moved with enough human or animal traction, the leverage of additional wooden poles and the rolling woods underneath. If the supporting stones were aligned with a lot of strength in the pits prepared for them, the even heavier capstones were placed on them using earth ramps. How long all of this may have been can only be guessed. In any case, a huge amount of work can be expected.

Lehmberg (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech)

When I visited Lehmberg in June 2020, the crop was already very high and was also soaking wet from the rain last night. Since there was no access path and I didn't want to trample down the crop, I just took a zomm shot of the tomb from the field edge.

As there are many tombs in the middle of fields in this area, a visit in winter / spring makes more sense. I am therefore planning my next visit rather in these seasons and will surely stop by again here.

P.S.: The image stabilizer on my camera didn't work properly on this tour, so some of my images are unfortunately out of focus. Sorry for that.

Not visited June 2020

Karlsminde (Long Barrow)

This site is a well-preserved, west-east orientated long barrow (in German Hünenbett oder Langbett). There are three dolmens on the southern long side.

Under the supervision of the State Office for Prehistory and Early History, it was examined and restored between 1976 and 1978 by the working group Arbeitsgemeinschaft Vor- und Frühbeschichte of the Heimatgemeinschaft Eckernförde e.V.. Much of the 108 enclosure stones of the rectangular long barrow were preserved. The foundations of missing stones had to be localized by their foundations. Some stood in situ on the south side. Most of the curbs, however, were tilted outwards and were covered by the spreading hills. After the restoration, the dimensions of the site were 60 x 5.5 m, with a height of up to 2.5 m.

The 3 dolmens lying across the long barrow are all on the southern long side. The middle dolmen was only discovered during the restoration work. It was found that the dolmen was originally in a round hill, which was later integrated into the long barrow.

From Eckernförde you drive the Waabser Chaussee road towards Waabs. After about 5 kilometers, turn right towards Karlsminde.
The site with its own parking lot is located after 500 m directly to the left of the street.

Highly recommended, if you are in the area!

P.S.: The image stabilizer on my camera didn't work properly on this tour, so some of my images are unfortunately out of focus. Sorry for that.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site Megalithic Routes in Schleswig-Holstein information board:

The restored long barrow of Karlsminde

This burial site was restored in 1976-1978 by the working group Arbeitsgemeinschaft Vor- und Frühbeschichte of the Heimatgemeinschaft Eckernförde e.V. with a lot of voluntary support. Cooperation with archaeologists and conservationists made it possible to carry out an exemplary project to preserve a megalithic tomb. The goal of the restoration was the exemplary reconstruction of a possible condition of long barrow in the Neolithic period.

Landscape shaping
Schleswig-Holstein: the flat north of Germany? Not everywhere! The ice ages shaped Schleswig-Holstein's surface. As flat as the marshland in the west is, the hills in the east are wavy. However, some minor elevations were not caused by the ice ages. They do not easily fit into the natural environment. But once the search is known, it is recognizable everywhere in the landscape: they are megalithic tombs. In many places they are also clustered in groups. Some are elongated, others are circular. Their stand positions in well-exposed places like here are also outstanding. This place was also unmistakable in the Neolithic period. So graves became markings of areas of influence of the burying group. As obvious landmarks, the megaliths were later used as landmarks. For example, Bronze Age trails, such as the Ox Trail, and burial sites are often close to the megalithic tombs of the Neolithic.

Goosefeld

The megalithic tombs at Goosefeld are four graves of the Neolithic Funnel Beaker Culture near Goosefeld in the district Rendsburg-Eckernförde in Schleswig-Holstein. They have the Sprockhoff numbers 75–78.

The tombs do not form a coherent group. Goosefeld 1 lies west of Goosefeld in a meadow. Goosefeld 2 lies east of the village and 980 m east-southeast of Goosefeld 1 in a field. Goosefeld 3 lies 1 km south-southwest of Goosefeld 2 and west of Lehmsiek. Goosefeld 4 is 760 m southeast of Goosefeld 2 and north of Lehmsiek.

Groß Wittensee is located 770 m south-west of Goosefeld 3.

Goosefeld 4 (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech)

Wow, this must be one of the most beautiful dolmens in northern Germany. Shortly after Lehmsiek towards Eckernförde this prototype of a dolmen is on the right hand side on a hill overlooking all of the surrounding scenery. You can't place a dolmen nicer, the view in every direction is fantastic.

The tomb has an east-west-facing burial chamber, which is the rest of an extended or a large dolmen. There are still two support stones on the north and one on the south long side. A capstone 2.5 m long, 2.2 m wide and 1.1 m thick rests on them.

Goosefeld 4 lies in a field just beside the road from Lehmsiek to Eckernförde, when you come from Eckernförde it is on the left side just before you reach Lehmsiek. Parking is a bit tricky and be aware that the electric fence might be in operation, at least it was during my visit.

This is a must see site in the area around Eckernförde, highly recommended!

P.S.: The image stabilizer on my camera didn't work properly on this tour, so some of my images are unfortunately out of focus. Sorry for that.

Visited June 2020

Goosefeld 3 (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech)

South of Goosefeld about 100 m from the road Profiter Weg between two fields lies Goosefeld 3, a long barrow with once 3 tombs, only one of which is still visible at the northwestern end.

The northwest-southeast orientated long barrow is about 41m long and 7m wide. On the long sides, several stones of the enclosure are still preserved. The dolmen or stone cist in the north west of the long barrow seems to be partly destroyed lately, as in older photos there is still a capstone visible.

Although the site is part of the Megalithic Routes in Schleswig-Holstein, I found it to be rather "neglected" or not very well "maintained". The site was quite overgrown, so I would recommend a visit in winter or spring to see the structures much better. There are also signs that point to the site, but no longer in the immediate vicinity of the tomb, so that it is not so easy to find.

To find the site drive on the road Eckernförder Straße from Haby northwards to Eckernförde. Just behind Lehmsiek and just before Goosefeld 4 comes into view, turn left into the road Hexenberg. When you come to a T-crossing, turn left into the road Profiter Weg and park on the right after about 100m, where a field track starts in a western direction. Follow this track along the edge of a field for another 100m and you'll find the site on the right.

P.S.: The image stabilizer on my camera didn't work properly on this tour, so some of my images are unfortunately out of focus. Sorry for that.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site Megalithic Routes in Schleswig-Holstein information board:

A long barrow in Goosefeld

This impressive long barrow was restored in 1980, but the stone enclosure has not been completely preserved. The removed stones were often used as building material for building houses and roads. Some stones still show the signs of dismantling. In the 19th century in particular, many megalithic tombs were massively destroyed.

Archaeocosmetic treatment
This site is one of the earliest man-made monuments that have been preserved for thousands of years. They are the first architectural masterpieces and the oldest visible monuments above ground in Schleswig-Holstein. But not every stone stands exactly as it did in the Stone Age. Besides to the natural decay and violent interventions, many modern people had their own ideas about the appearance of the old graves and "improved" them. At the end of the 20th century, the worker at the time jokingly mentioned the carrying out of an "archaeocosmentic treatment" in the area around Goosefeld in the monument files belonging to this grave. What is meant is an intervention that is not absolutely necessary from a scientific and monument preservation point of view in order to superficially bring the system closer to its originally assumed state. In many places, it is not clear whether the interventions are based on scientific studies of the tomb to be restored. So some enclosure stone circles were created only for visual reasons and are therefore purely fictitious. This tomb is under a preservation order since 1967 which does not allow changes.

Goosefeld 1 (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech)

Goosefeld 1 is located west of Goosefeld at the farm Katzheide close to the B203 between Groß Wittensee and Eckernförde. It is one of a total of 15 stations of the Megalithic Routes in Schleswig-Holstein.

Remains of an almost east-west-oriented burial chamber are still preserved from this site. Eight stones are still available, but do not allow any conclusions to be drawn about type of the chamber.

P.S.: The image stabilizer on my camera didn't work properly on this tour, so some of my images are unfortunately out of focus. Sorry for that.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site information board:

COMMUNITY GOOSEFELD
- Passage Grave -

Megalithic tomb of the rural Funnel Beaker Culture (around 2500 BC) in a mound of earth delimited by a stone circle that is not preserved today. Seven support stones and the entrance stone are still visible from the passage grave, the capstone and the support stones in the northeast are missing.
Internal dimensions: length about 5.75m, width 1.50m.
On the partially disturbed pavement of the burial chamber were still grave goods from the Funnel Beaker Culture: amber (5) and an arrowhead (6). In a subsequent burial of the individual grave culture around 1800 BC there were two battle axes (1 and 2) and two cross axes or adze (3 and 4).

Weddingstedt (Passage Grave)

The site is a very well-preserved megalithic tomb from the funnel beaker culture. The central burial chamber is surrounded by a hill. The chamber in the middle of the hill was already exposed in the past by stone beaters who tried to get to the valuable boulders. However, only two of the capstones are missing from the site itself.

The burial chamber is one of the oldest described megalithic tomb in Dithmarschen. The first reports are already available from the 1960s. At this point the chamber was in a state of decay. Some of the supporting stones were tilted into the site. The last remaining capstone had fallen into the chamber and broken. This is how the system was described during the first scientific recording by Ernst Sprockhoff.

Sprockhoff described the site as a so-called Holstein Kammer (Kammer means chamber). Tombs of this type are characterized by at least three yokes made of supporting stones with a capstone.

The tomb was restored from 1983 to 1985 by the Working Group for Prehistory and Early History in a private initiative. The interior of the tomb was also fully excavated. In the course of the work, the former shape of the chamber and the former locations of the tilted stones could be determined exactly, so that the subsequent restoration was based on the findings of the excavation. Particularly noteworthy is the successful restoration of the original capstone, which was glued with modern aids and returned to its original place.

The tomb is located southwest of Weddingstedt on the municipal border to Ostrohe. It is located in a wooded area just a few meters west of the street that connects the two villages (coming from Weddingstedt, Ostroher Straße or coming from Ostrohe, Am Steenoben). Parking can be a bit tricky, I found a possibility at N54° 13' 27.1" E9° 06' 56.7" where a forest path blocked with a bar starts. From here you walk about 120 m on the footpath beside the road in the direction of Weddingstedt, before a small beaten track at a sign leads to the tomb in the forest. The tomb lies only 30m from here.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site HISTOUR-Ditmarschen information board:

Steenoben burial chamber

The first farmers in the country built between 3400 and 3000 BC burial chambers made of large blocks of boulders, which lay in elongated or, as here, in round burial mounds.
This chamber, called "Steenoben" (stone oven), was partially destroyed by stone beaters around 1800. Two capstones and the eastern capstone of the chamber were probably dismantled. The endstone was restored and supplemented with the burial chamber in 1984. Experts suspect that the stone closed the chamber rectangular. Due to a profound disturbance in the south of the chamber, it is no longer possible to decide whether a passage used to start here or whether there was a wall stone and the access was under the slipped western cap stone. As was customary at the time, the chamber had a floor made of annealed flint. The original dry stone wall between the boulders is indicated by reconstruction.

The post-excavation in 1984 produced some fragments of decorated vessels from the large stone burial culture and a flint ax from a later Stone Age subsequent burial. A settlement from the time of construction is known near Broklandsau, around one kilometer northeast of the stone chamber. At that time it was still on the outer edge of a bay.

Schalkholz (Passage Grave)

The reconstructed megalithic tomb of Schalkholz is now in Heide, namely in the city park between the water tower and the central bus station. However, the tomb was originally located in Schalkholz, 10 kilometers away. The grave was excavated there in 1969.

In the course of the work, a burial chamber made of large boulders was uncovered. This consisted of nine supporting stones that formed an oval floor plan. The chamber enclosed an interior of approximately 3.5 x 2.2 meters. Of the capstones, only one erratic boulder was left over the last support stone in the northern section. In the south of the chamber an approximately 1 meter long and approximately 0.6 meter wide corridor was exposed, which ran obliquely to the chamber axis. Neither was there any more of the capstones in the corridor. A doorstep stone was documented between the grave and the chamber, on which remains of a possible sealing of the grave with clay and field stones were observed. On the floor inside the grave was a pavement of flat, hewn field stones covered with a layer of glowed flint. The spaces between the large boulders were closed with carefully executed dry masonry. From the outside, the burial chamber was surrounded by a mud coat up to the level of the capstone. A diameter of 14 meters and a height of 0.80 meters were found for the hill of the passage grave.

The passage grave, which was endangered at its original location, was relocated in 1970, shortly after the excavation, and was rebuilt in the Heide city park with the help of the Bundeswehr.

By relocating to a public park, the atmosphere suffers a little, on the other hand the grave is easily accessible. So if you are in the area, you should definitely plan a visit.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site HISTOUR-Ditmarschen information board:

Passage grave of Schalkholz

The first farmers in the so-called funnel beaker culture were the builders of the large stone tombs. Burial chambers with a side or, as here, angled passage are called passage graves. In addition to the preserved capstone, which had to be replaced by another stone during the reconstruction, the burial chamber of Schalkholz-Vierth moved here once had two further capstones and formed a chamber in a round burial mound.
The gaps between the stones were once dry masonry (now mortar). The grave is the southernmost of the type of "Nordic" passage graves with an oval plan, which is common in southern Scandinavia. Older and newer excavations have produced a series of clay pots from the funnel beaker culture.
In the rest of the burial mound, a whole bundle of flint blades from a later section of the Stone Age were found as hiding or sacrificial finds, which had been struck by a blacksmith from only a few pieces of Flint raw material and for the most part still fit together.
Passage tombs are tombs from an earlier period (3400 - 3000 BC) of the Stone Age. They have a chamber built from large stones as the center. Simple chambers with no more than one passage on the narrow side are called dolmens. They are the older tombs. The chambers of the younger passage graves have a rectangular or oval floor plan and a passage on one of the long sides of the chamber. The large stone tombs erected in Germany were planned for multiple burials (of human bones).

Hemmingstedt (Passage Grave)

This passage grave was relocated 1961 from an area north of the town called Op de Hell (the hell), when the oil refinery in Hemmingstedt was expanded.

Now it lies prominently in the entrance of the cemetry of Hemmingstedt, south of the church.

According to the nearby information board, only the north-east row of supporting stones of the grave with the two final stones of the chamber is essentially preserved. The capstones and the supporting stones of the opposite wall had been blown up or removed in ancient times.

Visited June 2020

Hemmingstedt (Cup Marked Stone)

This cup-marked stone has been fixed in an upright position. It is located in front of the chruch in Hemmingstedt.

Unfortuantely I didn't find any information where is was found.

Visited June 2020

Hemmingstedt

taken from the on-site HISTOUR-Ditmarschen information board:

Cup-marked stone and stone tomb

Near the Hemmingstedter church, not far from the west gable, a large cup-marked stone has been set up in cement bedding. Originally it should have been lying in the ground with the cup marks facing up.

Cup-marked stones are to be seen as witnesses of prehistoric cult acts. The bowls will have been created during the extraction of rock powder, which was used for healing and magic purposes.

At the entrance to the new cemetery, the impressive remains of a ruined passage grave from the Stone Age, which was excavated in 1961 in the course of the southern expansion and the oil refinery, have been restored.
The north-east row of supporting stones of the grave with the two final stones of the chamber is essentially preserved. The capstones and the supporting stones of the opposite wall had been blown up or removed in ancient times. When the wall was restored, it was supplemented with stones that were too small.
In addition to a few remnants of original grave goods, including an amber piece, a cord-decorated mug and the blade of a flint ax were found as an addition to a subsequent burial of the late Peasant Stone Age.

Dellbrück (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech)

The site originally was covered by a round mound, which is no longer preserved today. A ring of stones placed around the grave is, according to Ernst Sprockhoff, modern.

Only the burial chamber has been preserved, but it is in very good condition. It is a north-south oriented extended dolmen with a length of 2.5 m and a width of 1.7 m. The chamber consists of two pairs of wall stones on the long sides, a keystone on the southern narrow side, two stones on the northern narrow side and two capstones. The entrance to the chamber is on the north side. Originally there was a narrow stone in the eastern half that reached up to the capstone and a half-high, tapered stone in the western half. Sprockhoff found the chamber in this condition when he recorded it in 1934. The eastern stone was later removed and placed in front of the chamber, and the western stone was moved so that it now occupies the entire narrow side.

The tomb lies in close proximity to the B431. Coming from the A23 towards Bargenstedt, just before the eastern outskirts of Dellbrück, turn left into the road Eckschapp. The tomb is located about 40m after the junction in a small forest on the right.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site information board:

Community BARGENSTEDT
Megalithic tomb "Dellbrücker Kammer"

Tomb from the younger Stone Age (extended dolmen); built around 2700 BC.
The site, which is now completely free-standing, was previously covered by a heaped up hill. The chamber is structurally intact. The stone circle that surrounds the monument today is probably modern.
The builders of such graves belonged to the so-called funnel beaker culture. It was the first farming population in Schleswig-Holstein to practice agriculture and animal husbandry. They buried their deads in burial chambers made of mighty stones (large stone graves or megalithic graves).
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During my first trip to Ireland back in 2006, I was bitten by the 'megalithic' bug and since then I seek for every opportunity to visit as much sites as possible, with a bias for stone circles.

As I live in the southwest of Germany (not an area famous for megaliths), I rely on my holidays to be able to visit these sites.

My TMA Content: