The Modern Antiquarian. Stone Circles, Ancient Sites, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic MysteriesThe Modern Antiquarian

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Hagenah (Cist) — Fieldnotes

The Bronze Age stone cist of Hagenah is located southeast of the cemetery of Hagenah on the street "Krügerfeld" in a field. Parking is easy at the cemetery. Access should be possible all year round, as a small trail leads to the group of trees under which the stone cist lies.


The commonly known "Osterbarg" hill, which covered the stone cist, belongs to a destroyed group of burial mounds on the Geest ridge. After the First World War, the Osterbarg was gradually removed. In doing so, a tree coffin stone packing of about 2.5 m to 3.5 m was destroyed. At the end of 1930, one came upon a vertical stone slab, which was part of the stone cist. In 1964 the box was completely uncovered and is nearly in a perfect condition. Most of the cist is covered by a large capstone.

The monument stands today under high trees at a far visible place.

Visited May 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
19th June 2019ce

taken from the on-site information board:

The stone cist tomb of Hagenah

The stone cist tomb of Hagenah belongs to a group of ruined burial mounds, which lay on a Geest ridge beside the valley of Schwingetal. Once the tomb rested under the southeastern edge of a mighty mound of about 26 meters in length, 22 meters wide and 1.80 m -2 meters high. Due to frequent sand removal this mound was mostly destroyed. According to reports, a 2.5 m x 3.5 m large stone packing was removed before 1930, the stone cist was discovered at the southeast end of the mound remnant. Only after finds from the burial chamber came to light, the then monument conservator in Stade, Adolf Cassau, was notified. To preserve the remains of the mound, he examined only the interior of the stone cist. He was supported by archeology doctoral candidate Karl Kersten from Stade, who later became widely known as a prehistorian. From the excavation findings and the reports of the sand-mining worker, the picture of a completely paved chamber resulted, in which probably two burials were made: A body burial and a burial of cremated bones are considered secured. The brozen grave goods, a so-called northern palstave, a two-part fibula and a dagger were assigned to the body burial (see found drawings and image of the finds on this board). The axe and the fibula belong to the period II of the Nordic Bronze Age after Montelius (some 1500 - 1250 BC).

The state of preservation of the monument required in 1964 an archaeological follow-up. Dr. J. Deichmüller uncovered the stone cist completely, so that its structure could be completely clarified: Two narrow, long support stones border the long side of the chamber. A larger and a second smaller support stone are on the western narrow side; on the eastern narrow side is a "closing stone". A large capstone lies on the western chamber, a smaller cap covers the eastern third of the chamber. Several small stones close the gap between the two capstones. Very carefully, the joints between the support stones and capstones have been closed with hewn stones. Wedge stones provide good stability to the support stones embedded in the ground.

The History and Home Association of Stade has acquired the property with the stone cist to ensure the protection of this cultural monument from the older Bronze Age.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
19th June 2019ce

Hagenah (Cist) — Images (click to view fullsize)

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19th June 2019ce

Byhusen (Chambered Tomb) — Fieldnotes

Byhusen is a megalithic tomb preserved only in remnants. The tomb is located southeast of Byhusen about halfway to Farven on the edge of a field. At the border of two fields several boulders lie in a hedge on a distance of about 50 m, which are probably the remains of a megalithic tomb. It may be the enclosure stones of a giant bed (Hunebed / Hünebett). According to Johannes Heinrich Müller and Jacobus Reimers, it was almost completely destroyed in the 1890s.

Driven on the K127 from Byhusen towards Farven. Turn right after a cemetry, just before you leave the village. This roads leads first through a forest, before it reach an open field. Continue until you come to a T-crossing (about 1 km after you leave the K127), turn left here. The remains of the tomb lies 75 m in the hedge on the right.

To be honest not much to see, maybe a visit in winter is the better choice.

Visited May 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
19th June 2019ce

Byhusen (Chambered Tomb) — Images

<b>Byhusen</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Byhusen</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Byhusen</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Byhusen</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Byhusen</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Byhusen</b>Posted by Nucleus Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
19th June 2019ce

Fehrenbruch (Cist) — Fieldnotes

This is a rather big stone cist from the late neolithic, constisting of 4 support stone pairs, two end stones and one big capstone. According to the information board, the stone cist was relocated from the western field, the original position was about 30.0 m southwest in the field.

Also two larger boulder are laying north of the stone cist, which are probably stones from now destroyed megealithic tombs from the same field.

In Fehrenbruch take the Fehrenbrucher Mühlenweg which leads to the west-northwest. Continue for about 1.2 km, passing a cemetry and you'll find the stone cist, along with an information board and a parking possibility, on the left side.

Visited May 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
19th June 2019ce

StoneExperienceRoute (Station 35)
Stone graves and Barrows Fehrenbruch

The burial cemetery in Fehrenbruch

In Fehrenbruch are still the remains of a large prehistoric cemetery, which gives the visitor an impression of the burial culture of the Neolithic until the early Iron Age. There are different graves of the respective epochs. At least three giant tombs, also called megalithic tombs, were buried in the area adjoining to the west, where the dead of a family were buried for many generations. These graves were built from partly huge boulders and were usually superimposed with up to 1.50 m high mounds.

Surrounding boulders are undoubtedly wall stones of such tombs of the Neolithic. The construction of such graves made of huge stones, which seems puzzling to us today, testifies on the one hand to the high degree of craftsmanship, but on the other hand also strengthens the popular belief that only giants could move such large stones.

The small stone cist from the Neolithic period for one person is unfortunately no longer available in the original condition. A reconstruction is located northeast of the original location. From the later Neolithic and older Bronze Age (2500-1200 BC) are the mounds of burial mounds. They originally had steep outer walls made of stones or grass sods and a higher domed summit. The dead were often buried in coffins of hollowed-out tree trunks.

Small shallow burial mounds over urn graves of the younger Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (1200-700 BC) have also been found here.

The act of giants
Even in the Middle Ages, it was believed that the Neolithic tombs, lined with tons of stones, could only have been built by giants for their own kind. The still common name "giant tomb" seems to take into account the creation of this legend, because a "Hune or Hüne" is by definition a superhuman and strong being, just a giant.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
19th June 2019ce

Fehrenbruch (Cist) — Images

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19th June 2019ce

Anderlingen - Stone Cist (Reconstruction) — Fieldnotes

The stone cist of Anderlingen is the most famous stone cist of Germany, which was created about 3,400 years ago in the older Bronze Age. It was found in 1907 in a hill near Anderlingen and is now in the Lower Saxony State Museum in Hanover.

About one kilometer northeast of Anderlingen there were three burial mounds. In 1907, when they wanted to remove the middle grave mound to gain building material, they came across the stone cist.

At the site of the middle burial mound, the Anderlinger Kulturverein reconstructed the various graves as well as the burial mound. The reconstructed stone cist contains only a replica of the original picture stone, which is also Lower Saxony State Museum in Hanover.

Drive from Anderlingen on the K109 to Sprakel and at the first opportunity turn right into the street Wiesenweg. The nicely reconstructed complex is then located after about 375 m on the left side.

Visited May 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
18th June 2019ce

taken from the two on-site information boards:

The burial mound with picture stone of Anderlingen

Discovery

In September / October 1907, a burial mound was dug in Anderlingen to gain building material. Gerdt Hinrich Brandt came across a stone box.

The stone box was then exposed to rain and snow for several weeks. As a result, over time, the adhering sand was washed away from the stones. Thus, in January 1908, the depiction of several persons on the southern end stone became visible.

After the discovery of the picture stone the provincial museum Hanover (today's federal state museum) initiated immediately excavations under the direction of Dr. Hans Hahne. Due to the frosty weather, only the stone cist and a small part of the surrounding area could be examined.

Burial mound

The burial mound was created in the Bronze Age between 1,700 and 1,400 BC. In the middle was a stone packing that served as a foundation for a tree coffin.

In the period between 1,400 and 1,500 BC, the mound was extended for two secondary burials. The stone cist with picture stone and a stone pavement was created, which probably served as a base for another tree coffin.

Some time later the mound was opened by grave robbers who deliberately visited the stone box.

Finds

Already in October 1907, the local historian Hans Müller-Brauel was notified of the find. He was able to secure a hatchet, a fibula (garment clasp) and a dagger (all made of bronze) from the stone cist. The wooden handle of the dagger decorated with bronze studs was still recognizable. But only the rivets could be recovered. Remains of leather-covered wood sheath were also still present. Other additions of organic material such as textiles or wood have not survived. On the stone cist some ceramic disks could be observed.

From the central stone packing only a tiny bronze fragment was recovered.

Picture stone

The most famous find is certainly the picture stone. It shows three persons. The left one raises his hands in praying posture, the middle one carries a hatchet and the right one is characterized by a long robe and an oblong-oval head.

Figurative representations within graves are only known from the Swedish sites Kivik and Sagaholm. Comparable figures are also found in the rock drawings in Bohuslän, Sweden. Presumably, a funerary ceremony or a mythical scene is depicted on the picture stone of Anderlingen.

Burials

During the first work on the burial mound in 1907 and in the excavations in 1908 several burials were observed, which were much younger than the Bronze Age.

A rich woman's grave was in the upper part of the grave mound. The dead was buried in the late 5th century AD with three gold-plated silver fibulae. Two brooches had a distinctive bird shape and were made in a Saxon workshop according to Franconian model.

In a neighboring hill was the richly decorated tomb of a Saxon warrior of the 5th century AD, who once served in the Roman legion.

Surrounding Area

Formerly there was a small group of altogether three burial mounds, presumably all from the Bronze Age.

Reconstruction

A reconstruction of the burial mound was built, as the picture stone of Anderlingen is one of the most important and well-known archaeological finds in northern Germany. It clarifies the Europe-wide relations during the Bronze Age.

The grave buildings were reconstructed on the former site. A newly raised mound gives an impression of the former appearance of the burial mound.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
18th June 2019ce

Anderlingen - Stone Cist (Reconstruction) — Images

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18th June 2019ce

Stanwell Cursus — News

Heathrow airport expansion "masterplan" opts for runway over cursus


Sadly, the chosen runway location is confirmed to be the option that goes over the only remaining section of cursus. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-48668001
UncleRob Posted by UncleRob
18th June 2019ce

Hegebusch (Chambered Tomb) — Fieldnotes

The tomb is located northwest of Gnarrenburg and west of the district Brillit in the forest Hegebusch close to the municipal boundary to Basdahl. Apart from the GPS coordinates, a picture and the indication that at least four stones lying in a row, some deep in the earth, probably capstones would be recognizable, unfortunately there is no further information about this tomb on the German Wikipedia website. Therefore, I am not sure if I have really found the actual tomb, as the stones shown are located about 40m further north of the Wikipedia coordinates given on Wikipedia. In addition, the forest floor is now overgrown, so that the stones stand out only slightly from the vegetation.

To visit the site, you must have a GPS-device, as it lies in the woods and is not recognozable until you stand in fron t of it. Drive on the B74 from Kuhstedt north towards Brillit. Around 580 m after the forest ends on the left and right side, turn left into the Hegebuschstraße and continue until the road ends. Park here and wald straight on towards the forest on a field track. The tracks first make a zigzag (first left, then right and then again left). After another 450 m you reach a T-junction on a larger forest road, turn right here. Walk for about 200 m before you turn left into the woods, from here you must use the GPS device.

One warning: during my visit the grass on the field track was very high and I caught several ticks. So this is only for real enthusiasts and/or completists. Also a visit during winter might be the better choice.

Visited May 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
18th June 2019ce

Hegebusch (Chambered Tomb) — Images

<b>Hegebusch</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Hegebusch</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Hegebusch</b>Posted by Nucleus Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
18th June 2019ce

Men Gurta (Standing Stone / Menhir) — Images

<b>Men Gurta</b>Posted by RoyReed Posted by RoyReed
17th June 2019ce
Showing 1-50 of 136,196 posts. Most recent first | Next 50