A henge, surviving as a cropmark and initially recorded as a ploughed-out disc barrow. The monument was subject to surface collection, geophysical survey and excavation in 1980 as part of the Stonehenge Environs Project. The whole site slopes gently to the south, and the interior of the enclosure appears to have been cut back into the hillside in order to create a level interior platform. Excavation confirmed that the enclosing ditch, with a single entrance to the north east, had been accompanied by an external bank. Various internal features were excavated, comprising a few pits and postholes, numerous stakeholes, and an arc of postholes concentric to the inner edge of the enclosure ditch which may have represented a post-circle. Some of the internal features probably pre-dated enclosure construction, and pottery from the site suggests that activity spanned the Early Neolithic through to the Middle Bronze Age. At the entrance, the one ditch terminal to be excavated contained a large, apparently cumulative deposit, including a substantial quantity of cattle bones and lithic material indicative of carcase preparation and cooking associated with Beaker pottery. Bones of a white-tailed sea eagle were found elsehwere in the ditch. An Early Neolithic pit containing a considerable quantity of deposited material was also found just outside the henge (see SU 14 SW 292).
Stonehenge, Woodhenge,... but what about Coneybury Henge? (sacred to rabbits?) It's less than a mile from Stonehenge itself. Ok, so it never had big stones with fancy lintels. But it sounds intriguing.
Julian Richards excavated the site on Coneybury Hill in 1980. I'm afraid it's been ploughed so flat you wouldn't be able to tell where it is without one of those geophysics machines. But if you're driving up the A303 and reach the band of trees with the New King Barrows - well, it was into the next field to the south of the road there and was probably intervisible with whatever was going on at (the probably contemporary) early Stonehenge.
Richards found a c50m diameter ditch, which would have been a not inconsiderable 10ft deep, and which would have been surrounded by a bank. There was an entrance at the NE side, as the entrance is at Stonehenge.
A ring of small post holes circled the inside area(possibly 56, the same number as the Aubrey holes at Stonehenge) - and weirdest, within the circle were tiny holes which were the result of hundreds of little pointy-bottomed stakes being pushed into the ground.
(info mentioned in Pitts' 'Hengeworld')
If you look on the map the site is not so very far from the end of the avenue, where it apparently met the river. Though whether you could actually see it, or whether there's any relevance to that I know not.
A large Bronze Age bowl barrow on Coneybury Hill, listed by Grinsell as Amesbury 23. According to Stukeley, excavation in 1722 recovered a "very large brass weapon of twenty pounds weight, like a pole-axe". Grinsell suggested that this might have been a large halberd similar to one found at Leubingen, Germany. An excavation in the mid-19th century by Thurnam was apparently unproductive. A large whetstone in Salisbury Museum is labelled "King Barrow", presumably Amesbury 23. A bronze dagger and two shale cups within the same museum are also suggested to come from the same barrow. A bronze flanged axe is less certainly associated. The barrow is extant as an earthwork mound 3.9 metres high and around 30 metres in diameter. Scheduled.
(SU 13554137) Tumulus (AT). (1)
Amesbury 23. "King Barrow", a bowl barrow 99 ft in diameter and 10 ft high. According to Stukeley, 'a very large brass weapon of twenty pounds weight, like a pole-axe' was found in it in 1722,? an all bronze halberd, as from Leubingen. A whetstone about 12 inches long from the barrow is in Salisbury Museum. (2)
Amesbury 23. A bowl barrow 3.9m high; slightly oval probably because of ploughing. Published 1:2500 survey revised. (3)
Originally recorded as Amesbury 23 by Goddard. (4) The finds, a flanged axe, hone, dagger and two shale cups are thought to have come from this barrow. They were part of the Job Edwards Collection presented to Salisbury Museum in 1898. (5)
SU 13544139. King Barrow scheduling amended. (7)
The barrow is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs, and has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. (8-9)
( 1) Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) OS 6" 1961
( 2) edited by R B Pugh and Elizabeth Crittall 1957 A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1 The Victoria history of the counties of England LV Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer Page(s)150
(4) The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine EH Goddard: A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire... 38, 1913-14 Page(s)167
( 3) Field Investigators Comments F1 ANK 21-DEC-70
( 5) by C N Moore and M J Rowlands 1972 Bronze Age metalwork in Salisbury Museum Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum occasional publications Page(s)43-4
( 6) by Frances Blore, et al. 1995 Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape Record number 804 Page(s)271
( 7) Scheduled Monument Notification EH Scheduling amendment, 05-APR-1995
( 8) Vertical aerial photograph reference number NMR SU 1342/52 (CCC 8622/SACA445) 07-NOV-1923
( 9) Oblique aerial photograph reference number NMR SU 1341/16 (1865/173) 12-NOV-1980