During excavations in 1954-57 at Hole Ground, Wookey Hole, foundations of a 1st century hut site were seen. Over these were Roman foundations of modest buildings, dating from the 1st century to the late 4th century with apparently continuous occupation. The earliest occupation was indicated by an oval hut site bounded by a bank and ditch, which produced 1st century AD Iron Age pottery. A second occupation layer produced 2nd and 3rd century pottery and evidence of a building. Finally, just below the surface, substantial wall foundations with two or three courses still in position were found. Fourth century sherds, bones and several bronze coins, the latest of Valens (AD 364-378), were also uncovered in this layer. Seven complete or part skeletons of child burials were found; probable fourth century minor finds of bronze, iron and bone were also scattered around the site. Hearths with semi-melted lead ore were uncovered.