The Modern Antiquarian. Stone Circles, Ancient Sites, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic MysteriesThe Modern Antiquarian

Latest Posts — Fieldnotes

Showing 1-25 of 17,804 fieldnotes. Most recent first | Next 25

Oberndorfmark D (Passage Grave)

taken from the on-site information board:

The Sieben Steinhäuser (Seven Stone Houses)
Megalithic Tombs of the Neolithic around 2300 BC

The history of the construction and use of the Sieben Steinhäuser can be traced on the basis of the form of the megalithic tombs and the excavation results obtained at the end of the thirties.

In the middle phase of the Neolithic period the tomb D with its huge capstone was built according to West European model first.

The tomb was enclosed by an elongated Hunebed, which was later shortened to its current length for the use of the perimeter stones for the other tombs. In one go, the site was subsequently extended by four almost identical stone tombs (A, B, C and E).

From the lower found layer of tomb B came as an addition a ceramic vessel (1) and a flint blade (2) to light. In tomb C the amber oyster (3) and the cross-cutting arrowhead (4) also belong to the oldest find.

While the construction of the passage graves is based on the North German tradition, the ceramics point to close contacts with the Central German area.

In the late Neolithic period, the graves were reused after partial clearing of the old burials. In them, the dead were buried with such typical additions as the vessel with herringbone pattern (5) from tomb E individually. With the end of the Neolithic Age, people no longer bury themselves in megalithic tombs. But they were respected by all cultural groups until modern times.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
8th December 2019ce

Völkersen (Chambered Tomb)

Völkersen is the only surviving megalithic tomb in the district of Verden. The tomb is almost completely destroyed. Only one stone is left, which may be one of the final stones of the burial chamber. A panel attached to the stone mentions nine original supporting stones.

On the eastern outskirts of Völkersen on the road to the B215 the road Düvelshagen leads to the northeast. Follow the road for about 800 meters to a fork, here take the right road and reach after 850 meters to a natural gas extraction plant. Here you can park. Immediately before the plant, a path leads west into a grove. After 275 meters, a path branches off to the south-southwest, followe this path for 130 meters. Directly east of the path lies the ruined tomb.

Visited June 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
7th December 2019ce

Axstedt (Passage Grave)

The Hünensteine at Axstedt are located northwest of the village Axstedt on the Hünengräberweg in the remains of a former mound. The twelve lateral support stones and the two endstones of the eight-meter-long and 1.4-meter-wide chamber are largely preserved in situ. Of the formerly six capstones, only the one at the west end of the chamber is preserved. Access to the chamber was in the middle of the south side, two bearing stones of the passage have been preserved.

When I visited the tomb it was already quite late and the sun was slowly setting. Through the low sun the capstone of the burial chamber gleamed in a beautiful shade of red. Unfortunately my images didn't capture this magical moment properly.

To get to the tomb, take the Harrendorfer Straße from Axstedt westwards to Harrendorf. After passing two houses on the right, turn right into the Hünengräberweg. Follow this for about 450 m to the north. The tomb is then on the right side of the road under trees.

Visited June 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
7th December 2019ce

Bexhövede 1 (Chambered Tomb)

The tomb has a mound with a diameter of about 35 m and a height of 2 m. In it lies a northeast-southwest oriented burial chamber with a width of 2 m. Their length is not exactly determinable. The stones are still deep in the soil, so that no precise statement can be made about how many are still preserved. Well visible are two capstones. The southwestern has a length of 2.2 m, a width of 3.5 m and a thickness of 1.15 m. He rests on wall stones that protrude only little out of the ground. On the southeast side it seems to be one, on the northwest side apparently two. The northeastern capstone is still deep in the ground, so its exact dimensions can not be determined.

The southwestern capstone has two rows of drill holes due to the planned destruction of the tomb in 1840. However, this could be averted by the landowner of Hodenberg at the last minute.

To get to the tomb, take the road Lindenallee from Bexhövede to the southwest in the direction of Dünenfähr. Immediately at the village entrance, the road makes a slight right bend. Here, a dirt road on the left leads to a small private cemetery, which you bypass on the right. The tomb is located directly behind the cemetery.

About one kilometer east of Bexhövede 1 originally a second site was located in Steertmoor.

Visited June 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
7th December 2019ce

Langen (Geestland) (Chambered Tomb)

The megalithic tomb Langen (also called Ritzerberg) is a possible burial site of the Neolithic Funnel Beaker Culture, but it is not certain that the mounument, now located in Langen, is actually the remains of a megalithic grave. These were discovered in 1849, when the Ritzerberg was demolished. Here, most of the material was removed without documentation. In its present form, the site is only since the 1880s. At that time, the previously rolled-off capstone was put back on the support stones. One or two of the four remaining support stones were also placed at their current position at this time. The capstone has a few cups.

These site is situated under a group of trees surrounded by houses right in the city of Langen just north of Bremerhaven. The tomb has even its own street name Am Dolmen. But it is easier to find the site by driving on the Leher Landstraße from Langen northwards towards Sievern, the tomb is situated at the street number 75 on the right, behind a car park.

Visited June 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
7th December 2019ce

Sievern (Passage Grave)

The Bülzenbett is a passage grave with an approximately 8 × 4.7 meter chamber, with internal dimensions of about 2.0 to 2.5 × 6 meters with the three colossal capstones, one of which measures 4 × 3 meters. The middle capstone was blown up between 1604 and 1755, it still has a number of drill holes and is partially fallen into the interior of the chamber. The capstones are resting on nine support stones. A support stone on the southern long side is missing.

The Bülzenbett has a trapezoidal enclosure of about 35 m in length. Of their original 55 stones are still 33 available. Many are still in their original position, some were set up again during the restoration in 1970. They form an easterly rejuvenating trapeze measuring 8.5 by 6.5 by 35.5 meters.

In the middle of the 19th century, a small stone chamber was found within the enclosure, in which a hatchet and a flint dagger were found.

The capstones of the burial chamber of Bülzenbett should be among the largest capstones of all megalithic tombs in Germany. Even the two parts of the blasted middle capstone are still huge! A visit along with the nearby Pipinsburg and a hike on the archaeological trail is not only interesting because of the monuments lying along the way, but also very scenic!

To get to the tomb, take the L135 from Sievern northwards towards Holßel. After 750 m you come to a car park for the Pipinsburg on the right side.

Visited June 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
6th December 2019ce

taken from the on-site information board:

Megatilthic tomb "Bülzenbett"

The Bülzenbett is a megalithic tomb of the Neolithic Funnel Beaker Culture (2nd half 3rd millennium BC). The burial chamber consists of nine support stones (formerly 10) and three capstones.

The middle capstone was blown up and thereby partially fell into the interior of the burial chamber. The still recognizable drill holes indicate that it should be further crushed and then driven off. The date of the damage can be determined relatively accurately: on a copperplate engraving made by Wilhelm Dilich from 1604 the Bülzenbett is shown intact, in 1755 Martin Mushard illustrated the Bülzenbett with the damaged capstone, as can still be seen today.

When the archaeological preservation of the district in the summer of 1970 put the entire complex back in a state worth visiting, the enclosing stones of the trapezoidal enclosure (Hünenbett) were raised again.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
6th December 2019ce

Flögeln 2 (Passage Grave)

Flögeln 2 lies only about 15 meters away from Flögeln 1. Both sites were excavated in 1882 and 1898. The findings suggest the possible simultaneity of both graves. Despite their position (in a round hill and in a long barrow), in the basic construction they are the same.

The grave lies under a four meter high round mound, with a diameter of 29 meters. The burial chamber measures 5.8 meters in length and has a width of about two meters. It was built from ten support stones, on which five capstones rests. The entrance forms a short passage of two support and two capstones.

Unfortunately the tomb is closed with a gate. According to the information board you can borrow a key at the Museum Burg Bederkesa or at the Tourist Information in Bad Bederkesa.

To get to the tomb, you drive on the road Hohe Luft from Flügeln southwest to Fickmühlen. About halfway on the right hand side you will find the parking lot for the Prehistoric path Flögeln. From here, a short trail (about 120 m) leads sothwest (parallel to the road) first to the tomb Flögeln 2 and then to Flögeln 1.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
1st December 2019ce

taken from the on-site information board Prehistoric path Flögeln

Megalithic tomb of the Funnel Beaker Culture

The megalithic tomb, built from large boulders, was built during the Neolithic period during the so-called Funnel Beaker Culture (around 4200 - 2800 BC). The burial chamber consists of ten support and five capstones and is 5.8 m long and 2 m wide inside.
To the south there is access in the form of a short passage.

The grave was opened in 1882 by a Leher antiquarian collector. Inside, he found a hatchet, a "spearhead" made of flint, an ax as well as numerous ceramic finds, which are provided with the typical decoration of the pottery of the Funnel Beaker Culture.

The fully preserved chamber lies within a mound. In 1973, the grave was reopened by the archaeological preservation of the district of Cuxhaven and thereby created the funnel-like access. In the filled ground of the mound, remains of sod have been confirmed as building material. In addition, it was possible to prove a circular enclosure of boulders at the foot of the mound. Whether the mound was created with its enclosure at the same time as the central grave or in subsequent epochs, is not clear.

If you would like to enter the burial chamber, you can borrow a key at the Museum Burg Bederkesa or at the Tourist Information in Bad Bederkesa.
Here you have the rare opportunity to visit a fully preserved burial chamber. Inside, pay attention to the gaps between the large support stones filled with small stones. This dry masonry is no longer preserved at the second large stone tomb nearby.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
1st December 2019ce

Flögeln 1 (Passage Grave)

The megalithic tomb Flögeln 1 lies only about 15 meters away from Flögeln 2. Both sites were excavated in 1882 and 1898. The findings suggest the possible simultaneity of both graves. Despite their position (in a round hill and in a long barrow), in the basic construction they are the same.

The megalithic tomb was known for a long time and probably served as a "quarry" from the 17th century. The rectangular enclosure was 19 meters long and eight meters wide. Of the dense stones of the enclosure are still 17 available. The chamber has a length of 8.6 meters and is up to 1.7 meters wide. It consists of fourteen supporting and six capstones. Of the capstones four have been preserved, two more are blown up. The two meter long and 0.7 meter wide passage consists of four supporting and two capstones.

To get to the tomb, you drive on the road Hohe Luft from Flügeln southwest to Fickmühlen. About halfway on the right hand side you will find the parking lot for the Prehistoric path Flögeln. From here, a short trail (about 120 m) leads sothwest (parallel to the road) first to the tomb Flögeln 2 and then to Flögeln 1.

Highly recommended!
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
1st December 2019ce

taken from the on-site information board Prehistoric path Flögeln

Megalithic tomb of the Funnel Beaker Culture

Only a few meters from the megalithic tomb in the round hill lies this second tomb from the Funnel Beaker Culture. 14 supporting stones and 6 capstones form an inside 8.6 m long and 1.7 m wide burial chamber. It is inserted in a 16 m wide and nearly 6 m wide square "bed" made of large boulders. The area between the enclosure and the burial chamber was originally filled with soil. A 2 m long and 0.7 m wide passage provided access to the tomb from the south.
The megalithic tomb served as a quarry in the 19th century. Numerous stones of the enclosure and two of the capstones of the burial chamber were blown up. The same doom happen that time also to some other megalithic tombs in the area.
During excavations in 1898 numerous ceramic fragments of vessels and various stone tools were found in the tomb.

In prehistoric times, these ancient graves were frequently visited and more deceased buried in the mounds. Also in this grave, fragments of urns made of ceramics, cremated remains and a "small roll made of bronze" suggest evidence of burials of the younger Bronze Age (about 1200 - 600 BC).

The present state of the tomb dates back to reconstructions in 1973 in the course of the creation of the prehistoric path.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
1st December 2019ce

Munkwolstrup 1 (Long Barrow)

Munkwolstrup 1 lies south of the Munkwolstruper Weg. It is the largest site of the complex. The enclosure is oriented in northwest-southeast direction and has a length of 70 meters. During Sprockhoff's recording in 1934 there were still 6 stones on the northeastern long side, and on the southwestern still 8 stones and one stone of a chamber.

Archaeological research began in 2000, and Arnkiel's excavation results and records showed the original location of the missing stones. Thus, the site could be reconstructed again with boulders from surrounding gravel pits. At the southern end, in contrast to the original state, a passageway was built into the interior of the hunebed and equipped with several information boards. Quite a strange reconstruction! In the hunebed there are two extended dolmens, one on each long side. Below the tomb hook plow traces could be detected, which prove with the help of charcoal found in it, that in this region already 3600 BC agriculture was practiced.

The long barrow is today the largest reconstructed megalithic tomb in Northern Europe and after the long barrow of Karlsminde the second reconstructed monument of this type in Schleswig-Holstein.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
1st December 2019ce

Beinn na Caillich (Cairn(s))

Now while there are obviously much, much worse things to endure than a day (or two) of trademark driving Highland rain seemingly intent upon proving Mr Newton wrong - in every conceivable respect - with its sheer gravity-defying persistence, that's not to say the spirit can't flag somewhat under the sustained onslaught. For what it's worth I rely upon one of WS Churchill's idiosyncratic maxims to see me through: 'When you're going through hell, keep going!'... perhaps better expressed in the secular as 'Keep Buggering On'... or, if 'text-speak' acronyms are your thing, 'KBO'.

Suitably inspired, and not subscribing to the warped doublespeak uttered by the democidal Stalinist apologists Orwell warned us would keep on exploiting the credulous to this very day, but rather the knowledge that the universe very much does not revolve around me, I persevere. To greet the following dawn beneath the exquisitely contoured profile of (Broadford's) Beinn na Caillich - instead of in my bed back home - inferring from the swirling cloud base that there might, just might, be an opportunity to correct a forced omission from last year and visit the 'other' Beinn na Caillich. The one overlooking Kylerhea, that is. Although lacking the titanic summit cairn of its gloriously mammarian 2,402ft namesake, this mountain is nevertheless eulogised as the last resting place of Grainnhe, wife of Fionn, whom students of Celtic mythology will recognise as head of the mystical warrior-giant clan The Fiennes.

Yeah, the folkloric pedigree could not really be any higher, could it? Trouble is I baulk at the prospect of the perceived severity of the climb; forewarned is not always forearmed. Hence, and before I can change my mind - yet again - I set off along the A850 toward the mainland, soon enough veering to the right to follow a wondrously single track road descending through Glen Arrochar to eventually terminate at the Kylerhea ferry. Caol Reithe in the vernacular, this little hamlet apparently name-checks another of those behemoths of lore, Mac an Raeidhinn. Suffice to say it would appear the long jump was not his forte. But there you are; neither is it mine. Aside from said ferry plying its summer trade across the water to the glories of Glen Elg, Kylerhea is home to an Otter Sanctuary, the latter serviced by a more than adequate car park. Now, having found I lacked the extra 'oomph' to ascend both Sgurr na Coinnich and Beinn na Caillich from Bealach Udal last year, starting from more-or-less sea level this time around strikes me as being a somewhat nonsensical thing to do. But hey, two rather Germanic-looking ladies 'doing Skye' override the cautionary inner voice... and no doubt 'tweak' those miscellaneous male insecurities a gentleman is obliged not to mention in polite company. 'OK, let's give it a go', I whimper to myself. What could possibly go wrong?

Despite being nowhere near as hot as last year, those extra c1,000ft of ascent - following the tree line to the north-west of Beinn Bhuidhe across a mercilessly rough, trackless terrain - exact a pitiful toll. Furthermore, as if that was not enough, the Allt Grianach and Allt a' Choire Buidhe have carved formidable gulleys into the landscape, isolating Coire Buidhe, as if by defensive design, behind great 'V-sectioned' ditches complete with glacis scarp, although the cascading watercourses do accord the opportunity to replenish an already much-depleted water supply. Really hard going. In retrospect, it might well be a better idea to circle around to the left instead of right... but hindsight is a wondrous thing, is it not? So, rather the worse for wear I eventually reach the high ground beyond and continue northwards, my not-so-cunning plan being to arc around and make the final ascent of Beinn na Caillich from the (hopefully less brutal?) northern flank since, much to my chagrin, the southern appears prohibitively steep to these glazed eyes. Nonetheless, the 2,401ft summit is a long time coming... so much so that I have full empathy with Craig and Charlie when it comes to collapsing at a feminine threshold. Tell me about it, my bespectacled friends.

The sheer breadth of the panoramic vistas to be experienced from Grainnhe's domain is breathtaking. Or at least would be if I had any breath left in me to relinquish. Surrounded on all sides, save the west, by water, it's fair to say aficionados of coastal viewpoints will want to come here. To the north stratocumulus clouds dispense their erratic aqueous content upon Loch Alsh and its environs... however, keeping a measured distance like predatory border collies only too aware of the consequences of losing control, Beinn na Caillich remains inviolate all day. How's that happen, then? Beyond, the undulating, occasionally serrated skyline of Glensheildaig Forest, Applecross and mighty Torridon stretches away to apparent infinity. It is a mesmerising sight, one within which even the artificial construct of the Skye Bridge does not disappoint with its graceful arching span of concrete. Indeed, select any azimuth upon the compass and it is nigh on impossible to find fault, the optic nerve overwhelmed with data at all times. Jeez. Hey, even looking 'inland' - as much as one can upon Skye - the 'other' Beinn na Caillich more than holds its own in foreground profile before a peerless Black Cuillin horizon, the 'Old Man' looking on from Trotternish with apparent detached indifference to the two 'Old Women'. The nomenclature accorded the landscape by us humans suggests a need to grasp the time immemorial - and not let go. The implication of permanence, being overseen, protected by the ancestors upon the heights still; a palpable exigency of the current state of affairs having to reflect the way things have always been, perhaps? A baseline to help make sense of an ever-changing world.... nevertheless, the hills and mountains remain as they were, the cairns still reassuringly gracing the skyline? Or... were they viewed as Lennon's 'folks on the hill'? Something to be feared, but necessary to maintain order?

OK, a viewpoint to last an eternity. But what of Grainnhe's cairn? How does it compare with 'Saucy Sue's' across the way? Simply put, to my mind it doesn't. What could? Although substantial enough to grace many of the summits I've had the pleasure of spending time upon, clearly this cairn would not suffice to represent the last resting place of a giant... even a presumably elegant, feminine one. However, there are, to my mind, more factors in play here than sheer bulk, the volume of stone. Consider: Undertones versus Beethoven? Well, I happen to think the world is a better place for having both the 6th and 'True Confessions'.... not to mention the sublime 'Teenage Kicks'. Multiple, disparate viewpoints approaching the same dilemma from differing angles. Human emotion, why we feel what we feel. And more to the point, what it actually feels like to feel. Perhaps you do, too? It is those emotional sensibilities, the apparent tactility with the landscape suggested by the extreme environmental conditions... the epic physical and mental struggle just to be here.... the feelings associated with - and driven by - where this cairn IS that makes it so special for me. In short, it's the location itself that matters. The primaeval, proto-monument.

As I sit and ponder whatever comes to mind the two 'Germanic' ladies duly arrive by way of the 'prohibitively steep' (ahem) south flank. Funnily enough, one is indeed German, both as blown away as I am. I assist with photographic duties and in due course, they continue toward neighbouring Sgurr na Coinnich. However, having been there, seen that... done it last year I opt to - if not stand on the shoulders of giants - at least hang out in their 'abode' until advancing time insists I begin the descent or face benightment. Now, being well versed in the legendary antics of another of the ginormous brethren, Idris, I reckon I can be forgiven for not wanting to risk the latter option. Mythical or not, it's all in the mind, you see?

I end the day with The Five Sisters of Kintail a resplendent vision in skyline pink, a widescreen Copeian panorama through the windscreen at Bealach Udal. Brutal, uncompromising... yet compellingly beautiful at the same time. The summa of my visit here, perhaps?
GLADMAN Posted by GLADMAN
30th November 2019ce

Munkwolstrup 7 (Long Barrow)

Munkwolstrup 7 lies north of the Munkwolstruper Weg, it is the southernmost of the three tombs lying here.

The enclosure is northwest-southeast oriented and about 46 meters in length and 15.5-17 meters wide. The site is thus considerably wider than the surrounding tombs. The embankement is still relatively well preserved. On the long sides there are still some stones of the enclosure. An excavation in the northern half probably marks the location of a chamber. Another, smaller burial can be found in the southern area.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
28th November 2019ce

Munkwolstrup 6 (Long Barrow)

Munkwolstrup 6 lies north of the Munkwolstruper Weg, it is the middle of the three tombs lying here.

The enclosure is northwest-southeast oriented and is about 63 meters long and 7 meters wide. The embankment is still relatively well preserved. On the long sides there are still some stones of the enclosure. A deep depression marks the location of the chamber.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
28th November 2019ce

Munkwolstrup 5 (Long Barrow)

Munkwolstrup 5 is located north of the Munkwolstruper Weg, it is the northernmost of the three tombs lying here.

The enclosure is north-west southeast-oriented and about 31 meters long and 6 meters wide. The embankment is still relatively well preserved. On the long sides and at the northern end there are still some stones of the enclosure. Just south of the center, an hollow marks the location of the chamber.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
28th November 2019ce

Munkwolstrup 4 (Round Barrow(s))

Munkwolstrup 4 is located south of the Munkwolstruper Weg, just a few meters east of Munkwolstrup 1.

It is a burial mound of 14-16 meters in diameter. In the middle of the mound there is a depression, probably the location of the now destroyed chamber. Only one stone is still preserved here. All the stones have disappeared from the enclosure. During his recording Sprockhoff found two stones of the enclosure in 1934.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
28th November 2019ce

Munkwolstrup 2 (Long Barrow)

Munkwolstrup 2 is located south of the Munkwolstruper Weg, east of the south end of Munkwolstrup 1.

The enclosure is oriented in a north-east west-southwest direction. The site is quite heavily destroyed, there are only a few stones left at the western end. The original size of the enclosure has been about 30 x 6-7 meters. During Sprockhoff's recording in 1934, more stones of the enclosure were preserved. The chamber, of which there are no more stones left, was in the western half of the hunebed.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
28th November 2019ce

Munkwolstrup 3 (Long Barrow)

Munkwolstrup 3 is the most southern tomb within the group, about 150 meters south of the southern end of Munkwolstrup 1.

The hunebed is oriented in northeast-southwest direction. The site is quite heavily destroyed, there are only a few stones of the enclosure preserved. The original size of the hunebed has been about 30 x 6 - 7 meters. A burial chamber is no longer recognizable.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
24th November 2019ce
Edited 28th November 2019ce

Munkwolstrup (Megalithic Cemetery)

At Munkwolstrup lies a group of seven megalithic tombs. From the B76, which leads from Flensburg to the south, turn off into the Munkwolstruper Weg. The graves are signposted from here. After about 150 meters you reach the parking lot of Arnkiel Park. It is an archaeological park with an information pavilion to the tombs. North of the Munkwolstruper Weg are three sites, south four. Sprockhoff's numbering does not follow the series from north to south, but begins with the southern group. Here lies also the reconstructed, largest tomb of the group Munkwolstrup 1.

On the grounds are in total 6 long barrows and a burial mound. They all originate from the Funnel Beaker Culture. For a long time, there were only grassy hills covered with grass and bushes, with some curbs at the edges. In the 18th and 19th century almost all the stones of these monuments were removed to be used for road construction, as well as the reconstruction of the village Munkwolstrup, which was almost destroyed by fires around 1788.

The name Arnkiel Park refers to the Danish Probst Magister Trogillo (Troels) Arnkiel, who provided a first description of the graves. So these tombs are the only ones in northern Europe that have credible descriptions from the time before their destruction.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
24th November 2019ce

Hüsby (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech)

Hüsby is a rectangular dolmen, a burial type that is very common in Schleswig-Holstein. The original site was located about one kilometer further west. It was examined in 1966 by G. Schäfer. The mound had a diameter of 40 m at a height of 3 m. On the fringe were three stone encircles and a circular ditch. The west-east orientated chamber has a size of 2.1 mx 0.8 m and is 0.9 m high. Of the original 2 capstones, only one is left on which there are 112 small cups.

Ceramics stood on the flint pile: a funnel cup stood in front of the north side. Immediately before the endstone, a funnel cup and the shards of a heavily crushed cup and a bowl were found. Next to the bowl was a battered baking plate.

Today the reconstructed dolmen is located just before the northern village exit of Hüsby on the road Am Ochsenweg, between Klein-Dannewerk and Schuby, on the left (if you drive northward). There is a bus stop right before the tomb, where you can park your car.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
24th November 2019ce

Nebel 1 (Long Barrow)

The long barrow Nebel 1 is a megalithic tomb consisting of two burial chambers on the North Sea island of Amrum and is part of the Archaeological Area. The long barrow is a rare, rectangular Hunenbed in east-west orientation with two transverse chambers. Although the enclosure consists only of very few stones, a size of about 35 m x 7 m is assumed. The long bed was examined in 1951, while several bones and skulls, flint axes, arrowheads, ornate ceramics and amber beads were discovered as grave goods.

The eastern chamber is an extended dolmen. The long sides consist of two support stones, the northern narrow side of a single support stone. On the southern side there is a half support stone and a 0.35 m high threshold stone. The width of the chamber is 2.5 × 1.4 m. On the chamber lay two capstones, one has been shifted, the other has fallen into the chamber.

The western chamber is similar to the eastern, but a little longer and narrower. The long sides are also formed from two pairs of support stones. The chamber has only one capstone.

Unfortunately, only four stones of a burial chamber are visible, the rest has already disappeared under the dunes.

The grave is next to the reconstruction of an Iron Age house in the Archaeological Area of ??Amrum, northwest of the Vogelkoje Meeram (Vogelkoje means Duck decoy). Boardwalks lead to the right of the Vogelkoje Meeram around a wildlife enclosure first to the Iron Age house and then to the tomb.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
23rd November 2019ce

taken from the on-site information board:

Since the Neolithic there are finds of megalithic tombs on Amrum. This grave site consisted of two burial chambers. The boulders lying in front of you belong to a burial chamber. It was uncovered in the 1950s. The second, which has already disappeared under the dunes today, was already robbed at the time.

Burial chamber 1
In the burial chamber several bones and skulls were discovered, which result from different burials. In addition, flintstone axes, arrowheads, richly ornamented ceramics and amber beads were found as grave goods.

Skull drill of the Stone Age
A skull had a so-called skull trepanning. A medical procedure in which the skullcap is opened with stone blades.

Trepanations were carried out, e.g. to treat skull bruises. Surprisingly, well over 50% of those affected survived the procedure. In this case, the nearly 30-year-old man did not survive the skull injury caused by a stone slash weapon despite surgery.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
23rd November 2019ce

Nebel - Klöwenhugh (Round Barrow(s))

Between Nebel and Norddorf there are still three burial mounds: Makkanhugh, Kanshugh and Klöwenhugh. Klöwenhugh is probably the most prominent burial mound out of these three.

According to the on-site information board, some excavation did take place, but due to grave robbers and a bungled examination of a teacher and his students only one bronze sword and some cremated human bones are known as grave findings. To make matters worse, the sword was destroyed in 1889 during a house fire.

Klöwenhugh (which means "split burial mound"), lies directly on the L215 between Nebel and Norddorf. There is a parking area on the right with an information board. From here the tomb lies only 100 m north along the L215. Also you can walk to the Vogelkoje Meeram (Vogelkoje means Duck decoy) and the Archaeological Area with the megalithic tomb Nebel 1 from here.

Visited November 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
22nd November 2019ce

taken from the on-site information board:

A Bronze Age grave
The burial mound called Klööwenhuuch is one of about 500 archaeological sites on the island of Amrum. It dates from the Middle Bronze Age (about 1600 to 1300 BC) and contains a main grave and a smaller tomb.

The main grave consisted of a clay-sealed, about 1 x 0.4 x 0.5 m stone cist containing cremated human bones and a double-bladed bronze sword. Above the main grave was a smaller stone cist that also contained cremated bones.

Grave robbers and archaeologists
Most burial mounds on Amrum were robbed long ago. The Klööwenhuuch was first examined in 1880 by the teacher and sexton Bandix Friedrich Bonken together with his students. However, this happened without any archaeological knowledge and methods. Most grave finds were sold, partly to the first Amrumer spa guests.

Only a year later, the Klööwenhuuch was expertly examined by Otto Olshausen. However, at this time all grave goods had disappeared from the burial mound. The bronze sword from the Klööwenhuuch was destroyed in 1889 during a house fire.

Christians and earth spirits
At the time of the introduction of the Reformation in 1522-1524, the burial mound, located exactly between Nebel and Norddorf, was said to have served as a place of gathering for the Protestant community. In addition, some Amrumer myths and legends intertwine around this burial mound. In it, for example, the invisible Onerbäänke (earth spirits) have lived.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
22nd November 2019ce
Showing 1-25 of 17,804 fieldnotes. Most recent first | Next 25