The Modern Antiquarian. Stone Circles, Ancient Sites, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic MysteriesThe Modern Antiquarian

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Pea Low (Chambered Cairn) — Fieldnotes

[visited 4/12/16] My what a beast this is. has this as an oversized bowl barrow akin to the much smaller mounds on the hills to the north and west, I disagree entirely. This is surely one of the neolithic round cairns that dot the landscape of the southern white peak.

Its lovely here on a cold sunny winters day with low light spreading the shadows. The two pits are clear as are the original quarry pits in the surrounding fields. Its placement in the landscape is suggestive of a different purpose to the cairns on the steep hills nearby, this one much closer to the valleys and the water sources, not so much a statement to the gods but a usable monument for the everyday folk.

Access is ok. About 15-20 minutes walk from Alstonfield over muddy fields.

Nine Ladies of Stanton Moor (Stone Circle) — News

More damage to the stones

Some scrote had carved more graffiti into a stone at nine ladies :(

London Stone (Standing Stone / Menhir) — News

Developer plans to move London Stone out of WH Smith and onto public plinth

In legend, it formed part of London’s foundations and was the resting place of King Arthur’s sword Excalibur.

But for years the London Stone has lain in a case behind a pavement-level grille in the Cannon Street WH Smith.

Now, the Grade II listed lump of oolitic limestone is set to be restored as a centrepiece of the Square Mile.

It ended up in the Sixties block housing WH Smith after its former berth, St Swithin’s Church, was bombed in the Blitz.

Under plans to turn the block into an eight-storey office tower, developer Applegarth has revealed plans to give the stone pride of place on a plinth.

An application to the City of London Corporation says: “The plinth and the London Stone would be reinstated at the height they were in St Swithin’s Church prior to its destruction in the Second World War. This would make it more prominent to public viewing than is currently the case.”

Giles Clapp, clerk of the Worshipful Company of Masons, which helps protect the history of the City of London, said: “We support giving the stone the prominence it deserves. It is very important in the telling of the London story.”

The relic — also known as the Stone of Brutus after the legendary Roman founder of the capital — is mentioned in historical documents as early as 1100.

It was written about by Shakespeare and Dickens and has become the subject of countless myths, including claims it was the stone from which Arthur drew Excalibur.

The 17th-century poet William Blake believed the site of the relic was a druidic sacrificial stone circle, while another theory holds it was the symbolic point from which all distances in Roman Britain were measured.

An application by developers Minerva to move the stone into the foyer of nearby offices sparked a row with heritage groups in 2012. The latest plan has been broadly welcomed, with Historic England raising no objections.

The CLC has called the new proposal “an appropriate development”. Its ruling, after a meeting tonight, could have wider repercussions for the City. An ancient warning comes with the block, which says: “So long as the Stone of Brutus is safe, so long will London flourish.”

Bryn Celli Ddu (Chambered Cairn) — Links

Bryn Celli Ddu passage tomb revisited

"Our new survey aimed to identify evidence for an external bank and to locate other unrecorded archaeological features within the scheduled area. Evidence for a bank would potentially inform understanding of the chrono-typological development of later Neolithic monuments across north-west Atlantic Europe, in Ireland, Wales and Scotland."

Avebury & the Marlborough Downs (Region) — Images (click to view fullsize)

<b>Avebury & the Marlborough Downs</b>Posted by juamei

Birdlip Camp (Hillfort) — Miscellaneous

A Neolithic promontory enclosure comprising a projecting spur of Birdlip Hill with two curving concentric earthworks cutting across the axis of the promontory. The site was surveyed by RCHME in 1996 as part of the Industry and Enclosure in the Neolithic Project. Quarrying has lowered the tip of the promontory and eroded the north and south sides; the east area is intact. The promontory is cut off by two earthworks across the spur, about 90 metres apart, with vestigial banks which appear virtually continuous. The outer would originally have enclosed an area of more than a hectare. The inner earthwork consists of a bank; the outer, 55 metres to the south east, is a bank with slight external ditch. The area narrows in width from 95 metres at the south eastern end to 15 metres on the northwest. Excavations were undertaken by T Darvill (who referred to the site as Peak Camp) in 1980-1, comprising a trench across the outer earthwork and a small trench towards the western end of the promontory. The outer earthwork comprised a single rock-cut ditch with an internal bank of limestone rubble. The ditch featured at least one causeway, and had seen at least four phases of recutting. Finds included flints, animal bones, and pottery. The second trench revealed a ditch or gulley, which contained further Neolithic pottery, flints and a quantity of bone. The lithic material included leaf-shaped arrowheads and a flake from a polished axe. Research into the dating of Early Neolithic enclosures indicates a construction date for the outer circuit of probably of 3655-3540 cal BC. The enclosure at Peak Camp may have been used into the 33rd century cal BC, although this late date is dependent on a single measurement. The research also highlighted the relationship with the Crickley Hill enclosure nearby, suggesting they were probably built within a generation of each other and were in concurrent use, at least until the destruction of Crickley in the mid-35th century cal BC.

Birdlip Camp (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Birdlip Camp</b>Posted by juamei

Springfield Lyons Causewayed Enclosure — Miscellaneous

The site of a probable Neolithic causewayed enclosure at Springfield Lyons, visible as cropmarks and tested by small-scale excavation. The cropmarks were transcribed and interpreted by RCHME in 1997 as part of the Industry and Enclosure in the Neolithic Project. See the archive report for full details. The existence of the enclosure was realised following excavation of the adjacent Late Bronze Age enclosure (TL 70 NW 86). Excavation in 1990 and 1991 plus air photographs indicate the presence of an arc of pits and/or ditch segments immediately to the east of the Late Bronze Age site, and which appear to cut off a small gravel promontory between two streams which run into the River Chelmer. Trial trenching so far has recovered around 2000 sherds of Mildenhall-style plain bowl sherds, plus Grooved Ware and Beaker sherds from superficial deposits and pits. Much of the Neolithic material appears to have been deliberately placed. Of the two fully-excavated features along the enclosure circuit, one comprised an almost shaft-like pit, and contained deposits of Mildenhall pottery often comprising up to half a complete vessel. One of the pits had a narrow slot associated with Beaker pottery cut into its upper fills. A by-product of the excavation of the Late Bronze Age enclosure is that it is clear that much activity associated with the causewayed enclosure was occurring outside the ditch circuit. It is also intriguing to note that the Late Bronze Age enclosure is itself causewayed, and its principal entrance directly faces the Neolithic enclosure.

Springfield Lyons Bronze Age Enclosure — Links

Springfield Lyons Bronze Age Enclosure | Chelmsford City Council

Nice page by the local council about the site includes maps, what to expect and find pictures.

Springfield Lyons Bronze Age Enclosure — Images

<b>Springfield Lyons Bronze Age Enclosure</b>Posted by juamei

Springfield Lyons Bronze Age Enclosure — Miscellaneous

A circular enclosure c60m in diameter was examined. Pottery and bronze metal-working moulds from the primary ditch silts indicate a Late Bronze Age date. Later features include a Saxon cremation and inhumation cemetery and Saxon or later post-hole building. (1)

Further grass and cremations were located bringing the total of burials to c150. One of the inhumations was enclosed by a small ring-ditch. Four more Saxon buildings were identified, belonging to at least two phases, together with a number of pits and other features. (2)

Excavation of a circular cropmark enclosure at Springfield, confirmed a Late Bronze Age date for the enclosure. The interior of the enclosure was totally excavated, providing a good plan of all features which had survived subsequent activity at the site. Late Bronze Age features included several post-hole structures, and the post-holes of the revetment for an internal bank. Also located were features and finds of Neolithic/Early Bronze Age and Roman date, an Early Saxon cemetery and a Late Saxon settlement. (3)

Hambledon (Hillfort) — Links

Excavation and survey of the neolithic stuff

Excavation and survey of a
Neolithic monument complex and
its surrounding landscape
Volumes 1 & 2
Roger Mercer and Frances Healy

Hambledon (Hillfort) — Miscellaneous

Its interesting to look back at my notes from years past on the ground, staring in a state of confusion at the earthworks. Turns out this hill was a massive neolithic complex. 2 definite, 1 probable and 1 maybe causewayed enclosures (1 central, then 1 on each spur) plus 3 causewayed cross banks sepearating the spurs from the central enclousre. Plus 2 long barrows. Then they abandoned it and headed North-West to build a gert large cursus.

Have a look at the link I've added for (many) further details.

Court Hill (Causewayed Enclosure) — Images

<b>Court Hill</b>Posted by juamei

Halnaker Hill (Causewayed Enclosure) — Images

<b>Halnaker Hill</b>Posted by juamei

Wooston Castle (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Wooston Castle</b>Posted by juamei

Veryan Castle (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Veryan Castle</b>Posted by juamei

Trebowland Round (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Trebowland Round</b>Posted by juamei

Sidbury Castle (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Sidbury Castle</b>Posted by juamei

Round Wood Cliff Castle (Cliff Fort) — Images

<b>Round Wood Cliff Castle</b>Posted by juamei

Prestonbury Castle (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Prestonbury Castle</b>Posted by juamei

Musbury Castle (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Musbury Castle</b>Posted by juamei

Milber Down Camp (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Milber Down Camp</b>Posted by juamei

Membury Castle (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Membury Castle</b>Posted by juamei

Langstone Moor (Enclosure) — Images

<b>Langstone Moor</b>Posted by juamei

Hembury Castle (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Hembury Castle</b>Posted by juamei

Hawkesdown Hill (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Hawkesdown Hill</b>Posted by juamei

Golden Hillfort — Images

<b>Golden Hillfort</b>Posted by juamei

Dumpdon Hill (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Dumpdon Hill</b>Posted by juamei

Dolbury (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Dolbury</b>Posted by juamei

Dodman Point (Cliff Fort) — Images

<b>Dodman Point</b>Posted by juamei

Dingerein Castle (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Dingerein Castle</b>Posted by juamei

Cranbrook Castle (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Cranbrook Castle</b>Posted by juamei

Littlecombe Shoot (Ancient Village / Settlement / Misc. Earthwork) — Images

<b>Littlecombe Shoot</b>Posted by juamei

Castle Gotha Settlement (Enclosure) — Images

<b>Castle Gotha Settlement</b>Posted by juamei

Castle Dyke (Chudleigh) (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Castle Dyke (Chudleigh)</b>Posted by juamei

Cadson Bury (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Cadson Bury</b>Posted by juamei

Brent Hill (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Brent Hill</b>Posted by juamei

Black Head (Cliff Fort) — Images

<b>Black Head</b>Posted by juamei

Berry's Wood (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Berry's Wood</b>Posted by juamei

Berry Camp (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Berry Camp</b>Posted by juamei

Bake Rings (Enclosure) — Images

<b>Bake Rings</b>Posted by juamei

Arbury Hill (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Arbury Hill</b>Posted by juamei

Littlecombe Shoot (Ancient Village / Settlement / Misc. Earthwork) — Miscellaneous

The monument includes the best surviving part of a prehistoric field system, comprising a number of field banks and associated clearance cairns, all surviving as low earthworks located on a gently sloping clifftop overlooking Lyme Bay. Although not precisely dated, the fields are small and roughly square which suggests an Iron Age origin, with usage perhaps continuing into the Roman period, before the fields were encapsulated within larger medieval or post-medieval field boundaries. The fields lie just to the west of Berry Cliff Camp, a hillfort which is believed to date from the Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age, and the subject of a separate scheduling (SM29637). The field system is defined to the south by lynchets (field banks and scarps resulting from prehistoric cultivation techniques). These lynchets occupy a narrow strip of clifftop about 270m in length with a maximum width away from the cliff edge of about 100m. Although it is likely that the field system once extended further inland, modern farming techniques have removed all upstanding traces apart from those close to the cliff. The visible remains also include a series of scarps and banks with many of the scarps lying parallel to the cliff edge whilst the banks lie for the most part at right angles to it. Where surveyed in 1989 by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (RCHME), the banks were found to be between 2m-4.5m long and 0.5m-2m wide. Together, the banks and scarps define five or six small fields. Associated with the fields are a number of stone cairns some of which lie on the field banks. These cairns, of which there are about a dozen, are considered to be the result of field clearance and are probably contemporary with the prehistoric working of the fields; they survive as low earth covered piles of flint and stone. Previous commentators have suggested that they might be prehistoric barrows or burial mounds but there is no evidence to support this view. The prehistoric fields have been worked at later periods, perhaps into the medieval and early post-medieval periods, and incorporated into larger rectilinear fields as is evidenced by a long field bank which runs from the monument to a position to its east and a bank and ditch which clearly cuts across the earlier prehistoric field system where it survives on its western side. All fencing, gateposts, and coastal path waymarkers are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

Trewern Round (Enclosure) — Images

<b>Trewern Round</b>Posted by juamei

Treryn Dinas (Cliff Fort) — Images

<b>Treryn Dinas</b>Posted by juamei

The Hood (Enclosure) — Images

<b>The Hood</b>Posted by juamei

Maen Castle (Cliff Fort) — Images

<b>Maen Castle</b>Posted by juamei

Lesingey Round (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Lesingey Round</b>Posted by juamei

Lescudjack Castle (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Lescudjack Castle</b>Posted by juamei
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