The Modern Antiquarian. Stone Circles, Ancient Sites, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic MysteriesThe Modern Antiquarian

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Goosefeld 1 (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech) — Images (click to view fullsize)

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Linden-Pahlkrug (Passage Grave) — Images

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Weddingstedt (Passage Grave) — Fieldnotes

The site is a very well-preserved megalithic tomb from the funnel beaker culture. The central burial chamber is surrounded by a hill. The chamber in the middle of the hill was already exposed in the past by stone beaters who tried to get to the valuable boulders. However, only two of the capstones are missing from the site itself.

The burial chamber is one of the oldest described megalithic tomb in Dithmarschen. The first reports are already available from the 1960s. At this point the chamber was in a state of decay. Some of the supporting stones were tilted into the site. The last remaining capstone had fallen into the chamber and broken. This is how the system was described during the first scientific recording by Ernst Sprockhoff.

Sprockhoff described the site as a so-called Holstein Kammer (Kammer means chamber). Tombs of this type are characterized by at least three yokes made of supporting stones with a capstone.

The tomb was restored from 1983 to 1985 by the Working Group for Prehistory and Early History in a private initiative. The interior of the tomb was also fully excavated. In the course of the work, the former shape of the chamber and the former locations of the tilted stones could be determined exactly, so that the subsequent restoration was based on the findings of the excavation. Particularly noteworthy is the successful restoration of the original capstone, which was glued with modern aids and returned to its original place.

The tomb is located southwest of Weddingstedt on the municipal border to Ostrohe. It is located in a wooded area just a few meters west of the street that connects the two villages (coming from Weddingstedt, Ostroher Straße or coming from Ostrohe, Am Steenoben). Parking can be a bit tricky, I found a possibility at N54° 13' 27.1" E9° 06' 56.7" where a forest path blocked with a bar starts. From here you walk about 120 m on the footpath beside the road in the direction of Weddingstedt, before a small beaten track at a sign leads to the tomb in the forest. The tomb lies only 30m from here.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site HISTOUR-Ditmarschen information board:

Steenoben burial chamber

The first farmers in the country built between 3400 and 3000 BC burial chambers made of large blocks of boulders, which lay in elongated or, as here, in round burial mounds.
This chamber, called "Steenoben" (stone oven), was partially destroyed by stone beaters around 1800. Two capstones and the eastern capstone of the chamber were probably dismantled. The endstone was restored and supplemented with the burial chamber in 1984. Experts suspect that the stone closed the chamber rectangular. Due to a profound disturbance in the south of the chamber, it is no longer possible to decide whether a passage used to start here or whether there was a wall stone and the access was under the slipped western cap stone. As was customary at the time, the chamber had a floor made of annealed flint. The original dry stone wall between the boulders is indicated by reconstruction.

The post-excavation in 1984 produced some fragments of decorated vessels from the large stone burial culture and a flint ax from a later Stone Age subsequent burial. A settlement from the time of construction is known near Broklandsau, around one kilometer northeast of the stone chamber. At that time it was still on the outer edge of a bay.

Weddingstedt (Passage Grave) — Images

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Schalkholz (Passage Grave) — Fieldnotes

The reconstructed megalithic tomb of Schalkholz is now in Heide, namely in the city park between the water tower and the central bus station. However, the tomb was originally located in Schalkholz, 10 kilometers away. The grave was excavated there in 1969.

In the course of the work, a burial chamber made of large boulders was uncovered. This consisted of nine supporting stones that formed an oval floor plan. The chamber enclosed an interior of approximately 3.5 x 2.2 meters. Of the capstones, only one erratic boulder was left over the last support stone in the northern section. In the south of the chamber an approximately 1 meter long and approximately 0.6 meter wide corridor was exposed, which ran obliquely to the chamber axis. Neither was there any more of the capstones in the corridor. A doorstep stone was documented between the grave and the chamber, on which remains of a possible sealing of the grave with clay and field stones were observed. On the floor inside the grave was a pavement of flat, hewn field stones covered with a layer of glowed flint. The spaces between the large boulders were closed with carefully executed dry masonry. From the outside, the burial chamber was surrounded by a mud coat up to the level of the capstone. A diameter of 14 meters and a height of 0.80 meters were found for the hill of the passage grave.

The passage grave, which was endangered at its original location, was relocated in 1970, shortly after the excavation, and was rebuilt in the Heide city park with the help of the Bundeswehr.

By relocating to a public park, the atmosphere suffers a little, on the other hand the grave is easily accessible. So if you are in the area, you should definitely plan a visit.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site HISTOUR-Ditmarschen information board:

Passage grave of Schalkholz

The first farmers in the so-called funnel beaker culture were the builders of the large stone tombs. Burial chambers with a side or, as here, angled passage are called passage graves. In addition to the preserved capstone, which had to be replaced by another stone during the reconstruction, the burial chamber of Schalkholz-Vierth moved here once had two further capstones and formed a chamber in a round burial mound.
The gaps between the stones were once dry masonry (now mortar). The grave is the southernmost of the type of "Nordic" passage graves with an oval plan, which is common in southern Scandinavia. Older and newer excavations have produced a series of clay pots from the funnel beaker culture.
In the rest of the burial mound, a whole bundle of flint blades from a later section of the Stone Age were found as hiding or sacrificial finds, which had been struck by a blacksmith from only a few pieces of Flint raw material and for the most part still fit together.
Passage tombs are tombs from an earlier period (3400 - 3000 BC) of the Stone Age. They have a chamber built from large stones as the center. Simple chambers with no more than one passage on the narrow side are called dolmens. They are the older tombs. The chambers of the younger passage graves have a rectangular or oval floor plan and a passage on one of the long sides of the chamber. The large stone tombs erected in Germany were planned for multiple burials (of human bones).

Schalkholz (Passage Grave) — Images

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Hemmingstedt (Passage Grave) — Fieldnotes

This passage grave was relocated 1961 from an area north of the town called Op de Hell (the hell), when the oil refinery in Hemmingstedt was expanded.

Now it lies prominently in the entrance of the cemetry of Hemmingstedt, south of the church.

According to the nearby information board, only the north-east row of supporting stones of the grave with the two final stones of the chamber is essentially preserved. The capstones and the supporting stones of the opposite wall had been blown up or removed in ancient times.

Visited June 2020

Hemmingstedt (Cup Marked Stone) — Fieldnotes

This cup-marked stone has been fixed in an upright position. It is located in front of the chruch in Hemmingstedt.

Unfortuantely I didn't find any information where is was found.

Visited June 2020

Hemmingstedt — Images

<b>Hemmingstedt</b>Posted by Nucleus

Hemmingstedt — Fieldnotes

taken from the on-site HISTOUR-Ditmarschen information board:

Cup-marked stone and stone tomb

Near the Hemmingstedter church, not far from the west gable, a large cup-marked stone has been set up in cement bedding. Originally it should have been lying in the ground with the cup marks facing up.

Cup-marked stones are to be seen as witnesses of prehistoric cult acts. The bowls will have been created during the extraction of rock powder, which was used for healing and magic purposes.

At the entrance to the new cemetery, the impressive remains of a ruined passage grave from the Stone Age, which was excavated in 1961 in the course of the southern expansion and the oil refinery, have been restored.
The north-east row of supporting stones of the grave with the two final stones of the chamber is essentially preserved. The capstones and the supporting stones of the opposite wall had been blown up or removed in ancient times. When the wall was restored, it was supplemented with stones that were too small.
In addition to a few remnants of original grave goods, including an amber piece, a cord-decorated mug and the blade of a flint ax were found as an addition to a subsequent burial of the late Peasant Stone Age.

Hemmingstedt (Passage Grave) — Images

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Hemmingstedt (Cup Marked Stone) — Images

<b>Hemmingstedt</b>Posted by Nucleus

Dellbrück (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech) — Fieldnotes

The site originally was covered by a round mound, which is no longer preserved today. A ring of stones placed around the grave is, according to Ernst Sprockhoff, modern.

Only the burial chamber has been preserved, but it is in very good condition. It is a north-south oriented extended dolmen with a length of 2.5 m and a width of 1.7 m. The chamber consists of two pairs of wall stones on the long sides, a keystone on the southern narrow side, two stones on the northern narrow side and two capstones. The entrance to the chamber is on the north side. Originally there was a narrow stone in the eastern half that reached up to the capstone and a half-high, tapered stone in the western half. Sprockhoff found the chamber in this condition when he recorded it in 1934. The eastern stone was later removed and placed in front of the chamber, and the western stone was moved so that it now occupies the entire narrow side.

The tomb lies in close proximity to the B431. Coming from the A23 towards Bargenstedt, just before the eastern outskirts of Dellbrück, turn left into the road Eckschapp. The tomb is located about 40m after the junction in a small forest on the right.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site information board:

Community BARGENSTEDT
Megalithic tomb "Dellbrücker Kammer"

Tomb from the younger Stone Age (extended dolmen); built around 2700 BC.
The site, which is now completely free-standing, was previously covered by a heaped up hill. The chamber is structurally intact. The stone circle that surrounds the monument today is probably modern.
The builders of such graves belonged to the so-called funnel beaker culture. It was the first farming population in Schleswig-Holstein to practice agriculture and animal husbandry. They buried their deads in burial chambers made of mighty stones (large stone graves or megalithic graves).

Dellbrück (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech) — Images

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During my first trip to Ireland back in 2006, I was bitten by the 'megalithic' bug and since then I seek for every opportunity to visit as much sites as possible, with a bias for stone circles.

As I live in the southwest of Germany (not an area famous for megaliths), I rely on my holidays to be able to visit these sites.

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