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Goosefeld — Fieldnotes

The megalithic tombs at Goosefeld are four graves of the Neolithic Funnel Beaker Culture near Goosefeld in the district Rendsburg-Eckernförde in Schleswig-Holstein. They have the Sprockhoff numbers 75–78.

The tombs do not form a coherent group. Goosefeld 1 lies west of Goosefeld in a meadow. Goosefeld 2 lies east of the village and 980 m east-southeast of Goosefeld 1 in a field. Goosefeld 3 lies 1 km south-southwest of Goosefeld 2 and west of Lehmsiek. Goosefeld 4 is 760 m southeast of Goosefeld 2 and north of Lehmsiek.

Groß Wittensee is located 770 m south-west of Goosefeld 3.

Goosefeld 4 (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech) — Fieldnotes

Wow, this must be one of the most beautiful dolmens in northern Germany. Shortly after Lehmsiek towards Eckernförde this prototype of a dolmen is on the right hand side on a hill overlooking all of the surrounding scenery. You can't place a dolmen nicer, the view in every direction is fantastic.

The tomb has an east-west-facing burial chamber, which is the rest of an extended or a large dolmen. There are still two support stones on the north and one on the south long side. A capstone 2.5 m long, 2.2 m wide and 1.1 m thick rests on them.

Goosefeld 4 lies in a field just beside the road from Lehmsiek to Eckernförde, when you come from Eckernförde it is on the left side just before you reach Lehmsiek. Parking is a bit tricky and be aware that the electric fence might be in operation, at least it was during my visit.

This is a must see site in the area around Eckernförde, highly recommended!

P.S.: The image stabilizer on my camera didn't work properly on this tour, so some of my images are unfortunately out of focus. Sorry for that.

Visited June 2020

Goosefeld 4 (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech) — Images (click to view fullsize)

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Goosefeld 3 (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech) — Fieldnotes

South of Goosefeld about 100 m from the road Profiter Weg between two fields lies Goosefeld 3, a long barrow with once 3 tombs, only one of which is still visible at the northwestern end.

The northwest-southeast orientated long barrow is about 41m long and 7m wide. On the long sides, several stones of the enclosure are still preserved. The dolmen or stone cist in the north west of the long barrow seems to be partly destroyed lately, as in older photos there is still a capstone visible.

Although the site is part of the Megalithic Routes in Schleswig-Holstein, I found it to be rather "neglected" or not very well "maintained". The site was quite overgrown, so I would recommend a visit in winter or spring to see the structures much better. There are also signs that point to the site, but no longer in the immediate vicinity of the tomb, so that it is not so easy to find.

To find the site drive on the road Eckernförder Straße from Haby northwards to Eckernförde. Just behind Lehmsiek and just before Goosefeld 4 comes into view, turn left into the road Hexenberg. When you come to a T-crossing, turn left into the road Profiter Weg and park on the right after about 100m, where a field track starts in a western direction. Follow this track along the edge of a field for another 100m and you'll find the site on the right.

P.S.: The image stabilizer on my camera didn't work properly on this tour, so some of my images are unfortunately out of focus. Sorry for that.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site Megalithic Routes in Schleswig-Holstein information board:

A long barrow in Goosefeld

This impressive long barrow was restored in 1980, but the stone enclosure has not been completely preserved. The removed stones were often used as building material for building houses and roads. Some stones still show the signs of dismantling. In the 19th century in particular, many megalithic tombs were massively destroyed.

Archaeocosmetic treatment
This site is one of the earliest man-made monuments that have been preserved for thousands of years. They are the first architectural masterpieces and the oldest visible monuments above ground in Schleswig-Holstein. But not every stone stands exactly as it did in the Stone Age. Besides to the natural decay and violent interventions, many modern people had their own ideas about the appearance of the old graves and "improved" them. At the end of the 20th century, the worker at the time jokingly mentioned the carrying out of an "archaeocosmentic treatment" in the area around Goosefeld in the monument files belonging to this grave. What is meant is an intervention that is not absolutely necessary from a scientific and monument preservation point of view in order to superficially bring the system closer to its originally assumed state. In many places, it is not clear whether the interventions are based on scientific studies of the tomb to be restored. So some enclosure stone circles were created only for visual reasons and are therefore purely fictitious. This tomb is under a preservation order since 1967 which does not allow changes.

Goosefeld 3 (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech) — Images

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Goosefeld 1 (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech) — Fieldnotes

Goosefeld 1 is located west of Goosefeld at the farm Katzheide close to the B203 between Groß Wittensee and Eckernförde. It is one of a total of 15 stations of the Megalithic Routes in Schleswig-Holstein.

Remains of an almost east-west-oriented burial chamber are still preserved from this site. Eight stones are still available, but do not allow any conclusions to be drawn about type of the chamber.

P.S.: The image stabilizer on my camera didn't work properly on this tour, so some of my images are unfortunately out of focus. Sorry for that.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site information board:

COMMUNITY GOOSEFELD
- Passage Grave -

Megalithic tomb of the rural Funnel Beaker Culture (around 2500 BC) in a mound of earth delimited by a stone circle that is not preserved today. Seven support stones and the entrance stone are still visible from the passage grave, the capstone and the support stones in the northeast are missing.
Internal dimensions: length about 5.75m, width 1.50m.
On the partially disturbed pavement of the burial chamber were still grave goods from the Funnel Beaker Culture: amber (5) and an arrowhead (6). In a subsequent burial of the individual grave culture around 1800 BC there were two battle axes (1 and 2) and two cross axes or adze (3 and 4).

Goosefeld 1 (Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech) — Images

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Linden-Pahlkrug (Passage Grave) — Images

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Weddingstedt (Passage Grave) — Fieldnotes

The site is a very well-preserved megalithic tomb from the funnel beaker culture. The central burial chamber is surrounded by a hill. The chamber in the middle of the hill was already exposed in the past by stone beaters who tried to get to the valuable boulders. However, only two of the capstones are missing from the site itself.

The burial chamber is one of the oldest described megalithic tomb in Dithmarschen. The first reports are already available from the 1960s. At this point the chamber was in a state of decay. Some of the supporting stones were tilted into the site. The last remaining capstone had fallen into the chamber and broken. This is how the system was described during the first scientific recording by Ernst Sprockhoff.

Sprockhoff described the site as a so-called Holstein Kammer (Kammer means chamber). Tombs of this type are characterized by at least three yokes made of supporting stones with a capstone.

The tomb was restored from 1983 to 1985 by the Working Group for Prehistory and Early History in a private initiative. The interior of the tomb was also fully excavated. In the course of the work, the former shape of the chamber and the former locations of the tilted stones could be determined exactly, so that the subsequent restoration was based on the findings of the excavation. Particularly noteworthy is the successful restoration of the original capstone, which was glued with modern aids and returned to its original place.

The tomb is located southwest of Weddingstedt on the municipal border to Ostrohe. It is located in a wooded area just a few meters west of the street that connects the two villages (coming from Weddingstedt, Ostroher Straße or coming from Ostrohe, Am Steenoben). Parking can be a bit tricky, I found a possibility at N54° 13' 27.1" E9° 06' 56.7" where a forest path blocked with a bar starts. From here you walk about 120 m on the footpath beside the road in the direction of Weddingstedt, before a small beaten track at a sign leads to the tomb in the forest. The tomb lies only 30m from here.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site HISTOUR-Ditmarschen information board:

Steenoben burial chamber

The first farmers in the country built between 3400 and 3000 BC burial chambers made of large blocks of boulders, which lay in elongated or, as here, in round burial mounds.
This chamber, called "Steenoben" (stone oven), was partially destroyed by stone beaters around 1800. Two capstones and the eastern capstone of the chamber were probably dismantled. The endstone was restored and supplemented with the burial chamber in 1984. Experts suspect that the stone closed the chamber rectangular. Due to a profound disturbance in the south of the chamber, it is no longer possible to decide whether a passage used to start here or whether there was a wall stone and the access was under the slipped western cap stone. As was customary at the time, the chamber had a floor made of annealed flint. The original dry stone wall between the boulders is indicated by reconstruction.

The post-excavation in 1984 produced some fragments of decorated vessels from the large stone burial culture and a flint ax from a later Stone Age subsequent burial. A settlement from the time of construction is known near Broklandsau, around one kilometer northeast of the stone chamber. At that time it was still on the outer edge of a bay.

Weddingstedt (Passage Grave) — Images

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Schalkholz (Passage Grave) — Fieldnotes

The reconstructed megalithic tomb of Schalkholz is now in Heide, namely in the city park between the water tower and the central bus station. However, the tomb was originally located in Schalkholz, 10 kilometers away. The grave was excavated there in 1969.

In the course of the work, a burial chamber made of large boulders was uncovered. This consisted of nine supporting stones that formed an oval floor plan. The chamber enclosed an interior of approximately 3.5 x 2.2 meters. Of the capstones, only one erratic boulder was left over the last support stone in the northern section. In the south of the chamber an approximately 1 meter long and approximately 0.6 meter wide corridor was exposed, which ran obliquely to the chamber axis. Neither was there any more of the capstones in the corridor. A doorstep stone was documented between the grave and the chamber, on which remains of a possible sealing of the grave with clay and field stones were observed. On the floor inside the grave was a pavement of flat, hewn field stones covered with a layer of glowed flint. The spaces between the large boulders were closed with carefully executed dry masonry. From the outside, the burial chamber was surrounded by a mud coat up to the level of the capstone. A diameter of 14 meters and a height of 0.80 meters were found for the hill of the passage grave.

The passage grave, which was endangered at its original location, was relocated in 1970, shortly after the excavation, and was rebuilt in the Heide city park with the help of the Bundeswehr.

By relocating to a public park, the atmosphere suffers a little, on the other hand the grave is easily accessible. So if you are in the area, you should definitely plan a visit.

Visited June 2020

taken from the on-site HISTOUR-Ditmarschen information board:

Passage grave of Schalkholz

The first farmers in the so-called funnel beaker culture were the builders of the large stone tombs. Burial chambers with a side or, as here, angled passage are called passage graves. In addition to the preserved capstone, which had to be replaced by another stone during the reconstruction, the burial chamber of Schalkholz-Vierth moved here once had two further capstones and formed a chamber in a round burial mound.
The gaps between the stones were once dry masonry (now mortar). The grave is the southernmost of the type of "Nordic" passage graves with an oval plan, which is common in southern Scandinavia. Older and newer excavations have produced a series of clay pots from the funnel beaker culture.
In the rest of the burial mound, a whole bundle of flint blades from a later section of the Stone Age were found as hiding or sacrificial finds, which had been struck by a blacksmith from only a few pieces of Flint raw material and for the most part still fit together.
Passage tombs are tombs from an earlier period (3400 - 3000 BC) of the Stone Age. They have a chamber built from large stones as the center. Simple chambers with no more than one passage on the narrow side are called dolmens. They are the older tombs. The chambers of the younger passage graves have a rectangular or oval floor plan and a passage on one of the long sides of the chamber. The large stone tombs erected in Germany were planned for multiple burials (of human bones).

Schalkholz (Passage Grave) — Images

<b>Schalkholz</b>Posted by Nucleus
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During my first trip to Ireland back in 2006, I was bitten by the 'megalithic' bug and since then I seek for every opportunity to visit as much sites as possible, with a bias for stone circles.

As I live in the southwest of Germany (not an area famous for megaliths), I rely on my holidays to be able to visit these sites.

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