The Modern Antiquarian. Stone Circles, Ancient Sites, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic MysteriesThe Modern Antiquarian

Links by GLADMAN

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Copa Hill (Ancient Mine / Quarry)

Banc Ty'nddôl sun-disc

Found among the mining devastation of Bryn Copa, Cwm Ystwyth, 2002. Here, that industrial cloud had a golden lining.....

Gualachulain, Loch Etive (Round Cairn)

Ancient Scotland

An instructive amateur site covering some major - and more obscure - Scottish monuments. I recommend the author's lack of that counter-productive 'partisan viewpoint' allied to good photography. Interesting to note an objective perspective of the 'tidying-up' of the Gualachulain cairn that has occurred post my 2015 visit.

Cil Ifor Top (Hillfort)

Cil Ifor Top

Numerous aerial images of this fine hillfort - featuring new observations made during 'drought' conditions of 2018 (the irony is not lost on me having just returned from severe flooding, Feb 2020) - by the redoubtable Mr Driver and chums.

Well worth a visit......

Waun Sarn (Cairn(s))

Elan Valley Past and Present

An interesting website specific to the area. The Cwmdeuddwr Hills can be a very confusing - not to mention dangerous - place, particularly in mist. Consequently, a little local knowledge is always more than welcome....

Loch Eriboll (Round Cairn)

Interesting Stuff About Loch Eriboll & Surrounding Area

Useful website to perhaps convince passing travellers to pause their journey... search out the cairn... and linger awhile.

Carnedd Moel Siabod (Round Cairn)

Bronze Age Shield Find Spot

Although cited by The British Museum as "..Found 1784 in a bog near Meol Hebog while cutting peat" I'm pretty certain from other sources [e.g Grahame Clarke's 1940-published 'Prehistoric England (sic!)] that this magnificent shield was found upon Moel Siabod. Coflein quotes the findspot at SH71005520... putting it at the head of the excellent ridge Daear Ddu, overlooking the natural lake Llyn y Foel. Can there be a more appropriate location? It is tempting to think it belonged to whoever was laid to rest (in whatever form) within the nearby cairn.

Wales (Country)

People's Collection: Wales

Some excellent aerial images of Bronze Age cairns... amongst other stuff. For those without personal air transport.

Creag An Fhithich, Dounie Wood (Ancient Village / Settlement / Misc. Earthwork)

What to see and do in Edderton

Local community information website including Historic Scotland description of Dounie Hillfort, (Scheduled Monument 11942) which can be reached by a waymarked walk from the A836.

Note that RCAHMS do not share the view that the masonry to be found here was defensive in nature... "The location and character of both the wall and the bank-and-ditch suggest that they were used for the control of stock." (JRS, GFG, IP, AM) 17/9/2013.

My suggestion is for people to climb the hill, enjoy the fabulous views across Dornoch Firth... and make up their own minds. I share some reservations owing to the paucity of visible defences to the east, but on balance I would say the western dry stone wall and associated bank and ditch are arguably too substantial for mere stock control?


Prehistoric Dartmoor Walks

Excellent website featuring lots of lovely lists to help get one far from the madding crowds upon Dartmoor.

Pen-y-Fan (Cairn(s))


Report prepared by CPAT for the National Trust on 22nd August 1990 with 'pre-excavation and consolidation' images of the Pen-y-Fan and Corn Du Bronze Age cairns.

Very interesting reading and (in my opinion) a fine example of assessing the risk to some priceless upland archaeology.. and subsequently doing something about it before it was too late. Top work.

Fan y Big

Fan y Big Cremation Burial

Coflein image of a cordoned funerary urn found - well excavated - upon Fan y Big in 1981.

Garn Boduan (Hillfort)

Heneb: Garn Boduan summit cairn

The northern environs of Garn Boduan's upper fort - the equivalent of a medieval keep, if you like - are occupied by a large stone pile which Heneb interpret as a massive, disturbed Bronze Age cairn. Probably unopened, thanks to the protective Iron Age works superimposed.

Once again we have clear evidence of Iron Age peoples incorporating an earlier funerary monument within their planning regardless of the obvious spacial impact. The assumption must be that they viewed these monuments as being highly important.

Llyn Fawr

Hirwaun Historical Society

Some basic information regarding the wondrous finds found here upon a local website...

Loch Borralan East (Chambered Cairn)

Loch Borralan East Excavation Images

Set of images showing excavation of this excellent monument under auspices of the "Life and Death in Assynt's Past" project...

Carreg Cennen (Sacred Well)

Carreg Cennen Official Website

To be fair a lot of websites designed to draw in punters (that I've seen) are not that helpful to the average member (or perceptive visitor) to TMA. Not saying TMA folk are more intelligent; rather that we perhaps use what we have to a greater degree. The brain requires exercise, after all.

So rather pleasantly surprised that this DIY effort is refreshingly informative. If you are lucky enough to be blessed with children... this is truly an ideal site to fire the young psyche. Can there be a more precious gift a parent can bestow? Mine was. Eternal thanks to my father - now an old man - for taking his son here back in the early 80's and freaking out that mind full of swirling hormones. This is a place of legend, of life, death and every state in-between! And ... if you aren't a parent .... join the club.... I'd wager no other castle in these Isles offers quite what is available here for the curious independent visitor.

Hey, the Llewleyns (the farm - and castle owners) even organise weddings. What better way for two people deeply in love to cement their commitment to each other than by venturing to the well at the terminus of the cave. Searing emotion with no hiding place. Jeez. What a dream. Photos here would impress Gladman no end, believe me. Having sat with my hand in the pool of water perculating down from the roof in utter darkness... my heart pounding like the drum machine from Blue Monday... I can well understand our ancestors (apparent) connection with this crazy, spinning globe. There is an awful lot we can learn from the past.

Yes Tor (Cairn(s))


Official website detailing periods when you most certainly do not want to be upon the mountain. Might save a wasted trip. Although why the army 'have' to practice here I do not know. I thought places such as this were what we fought world wars to protect...

Flower's Barrow (Hillfort)


Since Flower's Barrow is located upon a live Army firing range access is restricted.... for obvious reasons. In order to prevent a wasted journey I'd therefore advise checking this link before attempting a visit. As Mike notes, bunking into this one is NOT an option unless you have a severe death wish.

Callanish (Standing Stones)


Inspiring new generations? Ladytron.

This is how I like my popular art........ analogue synthesizers, mixing of cultural heritage.... and the Tursachan!

Incidentally..... the Ultravox video that first inspired me to one (small) day make the pilgrimage is here:

Thank you gentlemen.

Dunnottar Castle (Cliff Fort)

Dunnottar Castle Website

An official website with details of opening times, plus history of this marvellous site.

Cadair Fawr (Cairn(s))

Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust - Cefn Cadlan

The link accesses an 'Historic Landscape Characterisation' for East Fforest Fawr and Mynydd-y-glôg issued by CPAT.

Worth a look to sketch in some background to what is a worthwhile walk in its own right.
Hi, I'm Robert ... aka Citizen Cairn'd. I've a passion for attempting to understand the lives of the pioneering prehistoric inhabitants of these British Isles, seeking out the remains they left behind in order to ask myself "why here ... why did it matter so... why such commitment?". Needless to say I'm still pondering such intangibles. Just as an empty house appears to retain echoes of past humanity... so does the stone circle, the chambered cairn, the long barrow and the mountain top funerary cairn. Visiting them, I think, helps engender a certain 'connection' with this land of ours, with ourselves - our past, our present and our future; a reference point for those of us perhaps struggling to make sense of this so-called 'computer world' Kraftwerk warned us was a'coming in 1981.... danke, mein herren (RIP Florian).

For the record: I make no claims for my contributions. My views are based upon observations made in the field, the inevitable factual errors mine alone. Needless to say, I'm happy to be corrected by the better informed. Should my posts prove inspiration for others to venture into the Great Outdoors, why thank you! I hope you receive as much pleasure as I have. But please bear in mind hills and mountains are unpredictable, potentially dangerous places. Ensure you have the appropriate survival kit and know how to use it (even in high summer). Don't be the one airlifted to safety - or the morgue - because he/she thought it didn't apply to them.

George Orwell - 'The essence of being human is that one does not seek perfection.'

Martin Gore - 'Like a pawn
On the eternal board
Who’s never quite sure
What he’s moved towards
I walk blindly on'...

Truman Capote - 'Failure is the condiment that gives success its flavour.'

Oscar Wilde - 'The true mystery of the world is the visible, not the invisible.'

John Lydon - 'It is a reward to be chastised by the ignorant.'

Winston Churchill - '“The farther backward you can look, the farther forward you are likely to see.”

Ultravox - 'Taking shelter by the standing stones
Miles from all that moves....'

My TMA Content: