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Dolmen / Quoit / Cromlech

<b>Frestedt</b>Posted by NucleusImage © Uwe Häberle 06/2020
Also known as:
  • Sprockhoff Nr. 154

Latitude:54° 7' 59.99" N
Longitude:   9° 17' 30.52" E

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The megalithic tomb of Frestedt was originally in the municipality of Frestedt in the district of Dithmarschen (approx. 15 kilometers from Albersdorf). Excavations took place in the 1930s and 1960s. Until 1964, the supporting stones were in situ, i.e. at the point where the historical use of the tomb is documented. The two original capstones were no longer there. In the mid-1970s, the five supporting stones were brought to the Museum of Dithmarsch Prehistory in Heide. After the closure of the local history museum in Heide, the grave was restored in the southwest part of the outdoor area of ??the Steinzeitpark Albersdorf (Stone Age Park) according to the records from 1964. Intermediate masonry, the floor of the burial chamber and the capstones were replaced with new stones.

From a topographical point of view, the new location of the grave corresponds very well to the Frestedter area; in both places the grave was or is on a gently sloping hillside. The new mound of earth with a diameter of approx. 10 meters and a "wreath" of field stones surrounding the foot of the hill can be seen well from a distance and thus gives an idea of ??its original spatial effect.

The replica of the large stone tomb can be reached in Albersdorf via the road Süderstraße and the Horstenmoorweg in the freely accessible area of ??the Steinzeitpark Dithmarschen. Parking spaces are available at the entrance (Stone Age village). The grave is 500 m south of it and can be easily reached via a footpath.

Visited June 2020
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
10th October 2020ce

taken from the on-site information board:

The rebuilt megalithic tomb of Frestedt
Reconstruction after 5000 years in Albersdorf

On a spur in the grazed area lies a small Neolithic burial chamber with the entrance on the narrow side, a so-called dolmen (from Breton for "stone table"). This comes from Frestedt and was rebuilt here. The complex gives an impression of how the megalithic tomb may have looked at the time of their construction with the mound of earth only partially covering the capstone.

The large stone graves, also known as megalithic tombs (mega=large, lithos=stone), belong to the new stone age, known as the Neolithic period (4,100 - 1,700 BC).
The numerous megalithic tombs built in the period between 3,500-3,000 BC have shaped our landscape for thousands of years until today. The people no longer lived from hunting and the gathering of food, they had become sedentary farmers. Through livestock and farming, they changed the environment to a much greater extent than in previous times. After the characteristic vessels with a funnel-shaped rim, the culture was given the name "Funnel Beaker Culture".

A distinction is made between different types of megalithic tombs. The oldest form seems to be the dolmen with an entrance on the narrow side. In so-called passage graves, a passage begins at right angles or at an angle to the chamber. This form of megalithic tomb is younger on average than that of the dolmen. With the stones used, the supporting stones, the smooth side points inwards if possible, the gaps are filled with flat dry masonry. In the burial chamber there was a floor covering made of burned flint. Mighty boulders served as the capstones. Dolmen or passage graves can, as seen here, be surrounded by a round burial mound. Sometimes these round mounds were expanded to accommodate additional burial chambers. This expansion resulted in extensive sites such as the so-called long beds or long barrows.

Halfway to the dolmen, next to several boulders, a model can be seen that shows how we had to imagine transporting stones on wooden rolls at that time. In this way, one can only guess at the great amount of effort that people at the time required ...
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
10th October 2020ce


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Replica of the megalithic tomb of Frestedt in the Dithmarschen Stone Age Park

KuLaDig - Culture. Landscape. Digital. - is an information system about the historical cultural landscape and the natural cultural heritage.

Entry for this site with lot of information and images (in German only)
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
10th October 2020ce
Edited 10th October 2020ce