The Modern Antiquarian. Stone Circles, Ancient Sites, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic MysteriesThe Modern Antiquarian



Passage Grave

<b>Linden-Pahlkrug</b>Posted by NucleusImage © Uwe Häberle 06/2020
Also known as:
  • Riesenkeller
  • Sprockhoff Nr. 138

Latitude:54° 15' 29.7" N
Longitude:   9° 12' 38.45" E

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On the right-hand side of the road from Linden to Heide there is a restored passage grave from the middle Neolithic (approx. 3,000 BC). The grave complex was discovered in 1879 and belonged to a group of nine burial mounds.

The megalithic tomb is a so-called passage grave. These structures are usually larger than the simple dolmens and are usually accessible from one long side. Passage graves were created with a rectangular, round or oval floor plan. Rectangular chambers occur mainly in the south of Schleswig-Holstein and are therefore also referred to as "Holstein chambers". In contrast, tombs with a polygonal floor plan are mainly found in the north of the country and are less common south of the river Eider.

During the restoration in 1980, remains of the original chamber floor and the former stone circle around the mound were documented. In the course of the restoration, large parts of the dry stone masonry, which had now fallen, had to be rebuilt. In addition, one of the supporting stones was broken. This was supplemented with concrete. The mound around the chamber was raised again according to the old dimensions. For security reasons, it was decided to slope down the access to the burial chamber and wall it up with modern natural paving stones.

Despite these concessions, the reconstructed megalithic tomb in Linden-Pahlkrug gives a very good impression of the Middle Neolithic monumental architecture. It is also the only reconstructed and accessible passage grave in southern Schleswig-Holstein.

The tomb is north of the road from Heide to Pahlen, between the Linden bypass and Pahlkrug. The monument is signposted and there is a small parking lot for visitors. It is only around 70 m from the parking lot to the grave complex. Highly recommended.

Visited June 2020
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
11th October 2020ce

taken from the on-site HISTOUR-Ditmarschen information board:

Burial chamber Linden-Pahlkrug

The passage grave, discovered in 1879 and at that time improperly excavated, is considered by some archaeologists to be the "Nordic passage grave" type, which is common in southern Scandinavia, despite its unusually short passage due to its more or less oval shape.
It was built shortly before or around 3000 BC by early Stone Age farmers. During its restoration in 1981, a light shaft was installed and most of the dry masonry was added between the supporting stones. For safety reasons, a swelling stone was built under the entrance.
The burial mound was filled up again in the dimensions handed down from 1879. The large chamber stones and a large part of the infill masonry are in their original position, the capstone above the corridor probably no longer.

A small corner of the chamber floor has been preserved intact. The remainder and the fill of white-annealed flint originally placed on it was reconstructed.

The function of megalithic tombs erected in an early period of the rural Stone Age is not entirely clear. Apparently there were also quite simple earth graves in addition to the burials in stone chambers. Chambers with a corridor like this were built for multiple burials. It is possible that an unknown funeral rite took place after death, during which the corpse largely decayed. Some finds in the stone chambers indicate that skeletons and piles of bones were buried. Numerous remains of decorated clay pots were also found.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
11th October 2020ce


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Großsteingrab „Linden LA 1“

KuLaDig - Culture. Landscape. Digital. - is an information system about the historical cultural landscape and the natural cultural heritage.

Entry for this site with lot of information and images (in German only)
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
10th October 2020ce