The Modern Antiquarian. Stone Circles, Ancient Sites, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic MysteriesThe Modern Antiquarian



<b>Latdorf</b>Posted by NucleusSteinerne Hütte © Uwe Häberle 04/2019
Latitude:51° 48' 29.81" N
Longitude:   11° 47' 59.71" E

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8 posts
Pfingstberg Round Barrow(s)
8 posts
Pohlsberg Round Barrow(s)
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Spitzes Hoch Round Barrow(s)
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Steinerne Hütte Chambered Tomb

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Showing 1-10 of 28 posts. Most recent first | Next 10

Pfingstberg (Round Barrow(s)) — Fieldnotes

The Pfingstberg is a burial mound near Latdorf, at the top of which stands a menhir. The menhir is also called Totensäule (Pillar of Death) or Schwedenstein (Swedestone). The menhir or grave stele is a slender stone of sandstone about 2 meters high. The Pfingstberg is one of nine burial mounds and megalithic tombs (including the megalithic tomb Bierberg and the megalithic tomb Heringsberg) in the vicinity of Bernburg and Latdorf, which together form the Stone Age Landscape Latdorf. As the only one of these monuments, the Pfingstberg has not been excavated so far, which is why only a few statements about the burial mound itself are possible.

The burial mound is located directly on the road between Bernburg and Latdorf just before a right turn.

Visited April 2019
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
22nd May 2019ce

taken from the information board
Arbeitskreis Archäologie im Bernburger Land e.V.:

Der Pfingstberg (The (Witsun Hill)

Middle Neolithic - Early Bronze Age: ca. 4,100 - 1,600 BC

In the middle of the landscape between Bernburg / Dröbel and Latdorf the Pfingstberg rises in a landscape-exposed position on the hillside of a Saale-glacial terminal moraine above the valley edge of the Saale. Comparable with similar objects in the immediate vicinity, such as the Pohlsberg or the Spitzes Hoch, we can say that this identifiable artificial elevation is also a burial mound, probably built in the Middle Neolithic period. However, the Pfingstberg has not yet been excavated and archaeologically examined.

Noteworthy is a pillar-like, square sandstone column (height about 1.95 m, width about 0.4 m and thickness about 0.3 m), which was built on the hill. Such menhirs (Celtic: long stone) were mainly spread in the middle of the Iberian Peninsula, France, Great Britain and Ireland to Central Europe between the Middle Neolithic and the early Bronze Age and belong like the megalithic tombs to the megalithic ulture. They are not tombstones in the narrower sense, but rather are interpreted as ancestral memorials, which may also have been sacrificed. Since menhirs were not set up exclusively on tombs, we do not know for sure whether the stone pillar that is on the hill today is always there and in terms of content is related to the burial mound.

In the local tradition, there is also the name "Ensign Hill" for the mound. The stone pillar is called a "Pillar of Death" or "Swede Stone". Behind it is the legend that at this point in the Thirty Years' War, a Swedish ensign was shot and buried here.

From the pre- and early historical settlement of the area south of Latdorf, numerous archaeological finds and findings from the immediate surroundings of the Pfingstberg bear eloquent witness. These include settlement remains of the early Neolithic, burial grounds of the late Bronze / Early Iron Age, the Roman Empire and from the period of Slavic settlement. Southwest of the Pfingstberg was also the Medieval deserted Prederitz.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
22nd May 2019ce
Edited 5th June 2019ce

Pfingstberg (Round Barrow(s)) — Images (click to view fullsize)

<b>Pfingstberg</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Pfingstberg</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Pfingstberg</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Pfingstberg</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Pfingstberg</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Pfingstberg</b>Posted by Nucleus Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
22nd May 2019ce

Pohlsberg (Round Barrow(s)) — Fieldnotes

Pohlsberg is located south of Latdorf, about 400 meters after the end of the village, on the right side in the field.

Pohlsberg is a multi-phase burial mound of the Neolithic and Bronze Age. In the area there are some more preserved grave mounds, e.g. 1.5 km east the Pfingstberg and 1.5 km west the Spitzes Hoch. The elongated hill is oriented approximately east-west. It has a length of 40 m, a width of 18 m and an average height of 4 m. In 1904 an excavation took place under the direction of Paul Höfer. The finds are now in the castle museum Bernburg.

You drive on the Bernburger Straße (L64) through Latdorf in the direction of Gerbitz. In the middle of the village, turn right (east) into Poleyer Straße, which turns into a dirt road at the end of the village. Follow this road for about 400 m before reaching the Pohlsberg on the right. At the edge of the field a sign was errected in 2011 by the "Arbeitskreis Archäologie im Bernburger Land e.V.".
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
21st May 2019ce

taken from the information board
Arbeitskreis Archäologie im Bernburger Land e.V.:

Der Pohlsberg

Middle and Late Neolithic
Baalberg culture approx. 4,100 - 3,600 BC
Bernburg culture approx. 3,300 - 2,700 BC
Globular Amphora culture approx. 3,100 - 2,700 BC
Corded Ware culture approx. 2,800 - 2,200 BC

Late Bronze Age: approx. 1,300 - 775 BC

One of the most important burial mounds for the archaeological research history prehistoric in Bernbuerger Land is the Pohlsberg. The long 4m high terrain was threatened by a gravel pit at the beginning of the 20th century. At the suggestion of the Bernburg Historical and Antiquity Society, founded in 1877, fortunately in September 1904 an excavation of the hill was carried out. The excavation was led by Paul Höfer (1845-1914), at that time one of the leading archaeologists in Central Germany. Three years earlier, he was involved in the excavation of the Schneiderberg in Baalberge. Höfer's precise and for his time very advanced excavation method, namely his specific observation of the deposit conditions, contributed significantly to the clarification of the temporal sequence of the various archaeological groups.

The mound was built in the middle Neolithic period by the bearers of the so-called Baalberg Culture (4,100 - 3,600 BC). It surrounded a stone-tomb built inside. During the Neolithic period, burials were continued by members of the Bernburg culture (3,300 - 2,700 BC), the Globular Amphora culture (3,100 - 2,700 BC) and the Corded Ware culture (2,800 - 2,200 BC). More than 1,000 years later, the late Bronze Age population reused the mound as a place of burial. In contrast to the body burials of the Neolithic period, these are now cremation burials in urns.

A special find ensemble of this period represents a richly equipped sword grave. It was a secondary burial in a cleared stone cist of the Neolithic period. Noteworthy is the peculiar (very slim) clay pot with lid, which contained a number of interesting additions to the ashes of the dead. The sword, a so-called "Griffzungenschwert", has references to Mycenae. Next there are eight bronze rings, six buttons, one tweezers, one chisel and one needle.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
19th May 2019ce
Edited 21st May 2019ce
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