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Passage Grave


taken from the on-site HISTOUR-Ditmarschen information board:

Passage grave of Schalkholz

The first farmers in the so-called funnel beaker culture were the builders of the large stone tombs. Burial chambers with a side or, as here, angled passage are called passage graves. In addition to the preserved capstone, which had to be replaced by another stone during the reconstruction, the burial chamber of Schalkholz-Vierth moved here once had two further capstones and formed a chamber in a round burial mound.
The gaps between the stones were once dry masonry (now mortar). The grave is the southernmost of the type of "Nordic" passage graves with an oval plan, which is common in southern Scandinavia. Older and newer excavations have produced a series of clay pots from the funnel beaker culture.
In the rest of the burial mound, a whole bundle of flint blades from a later section of the Stone Age were found as hiding or sacrificial finds, which had been struck by a blacksmith from only a few pieces of Flint raw material and for the most part still fit together.
Passage tombs are tombs from an earlier period (3400 - 3000 BC) of the Stone Age. They have a chamber built from large stones as the center. Simple chambers with no more than one passage on the narrow side are called dolmens. They are the older tombs. The chambers of the younger passage graves have a rectangular or oval floor plan and a passage on one of the long sides of the chamber. The large stone tombs erected in Germany were planned for multiple burials (of human bones).
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
21st June 2020ce
Edited 21st June 2020ce

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