The Modern Antiquarian. Stone Circles, Ancient Sites, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic MysteriesThe Modern Antiquarian

Archsum 5

Chambered Tomb (Destroyed)


taken from the on-site hünen.kulTOUR information boards:


The Tjülseker hill is the smallest of the four Sylt Geest cores and rises as a flat knoll over the surrounding marshland. In the middle of the hill lies the Tjülsekerhoog, hidden under a thick layer of humus soil. It contains a destroyed megalithic tomb from the Middle Neolithic.

Later, there was a settlement on Tjülseker that was used for a long time, probably as early as the Roman Iron Age. Findings such as shards, millstones or stone setting indicate this. The settlers increased the elevation by up to 1 m by applying humus. The picture shows the excavation in 1948, with the Nössedeich in the background.

Neolithic period

The neolithic period, the New Stone Age, began on the North Frisian Islands around 4,000 BC and lasted until around 1,800 BC. The permanent settlement of the North Frisian Islands probably began around 3,400 BC. The revolutionary event at the transition to the Neolithic is the change from wandering hunters and gatherers to settled farmers.

The most important material was the flint stone, which was worked with the highest level of skill. This oldest farming culture in the north is called the Funnel Beaker Culture, after a type of clay pot it uses. This culture also built the most impressive evidence of prehistory, the large stone or megalithic tombs.

Settlement in the Neolithic
During the neolithic period, Sylt was partially densely populated on the Geest, presumably divided into individual settlement chambers. The most important area is likely to have been the Kampen-Wenningstedt area, which was probably populated throughout. Since the sea level was then about 3 m lower than it is today, the geest areas populated at that time were significantly higher than today.
Nucleus Posted by Nucleus
22nd November 2020ce
Edited 22nd November 2020ce

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