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Rimbeck - Warburg (Chambered Tomb)

The gallery grave of Rimbeck - Warburg lies northeast of the village Rimbeck and belongs to the Hessian-Westphalian galleries. To reach the site leave the B7 into Elisabethstrasse, after about 430m when the road bends to left continue straight ahead into Zur Märk. After about 250m there is a slight right bend and you are in the road Zum Weissen Holz. Continue on this road for about 500m until you reach the forest. Park here and use the middle forest track which goes uphill for about 450m, where a little beaten path leaves the main track to the left. You should notice the information board of the tomb from here.

The 12 m long and 2 m wide gallery grave is embedded in the ground. While the supporting stones are largely preserved, no capstones were found. The site originally consisted of a chambered tomb completely covered with stone slabs, which lay under a mound and only connected to the outside world by a short corridor with a Port-hole slab (German: Seelenloch) still visible today.

The large pieces of rock from sandstone, which served as the building material, do not occur at the site. They had to be brought over a distance of 3.5km.

Visited July 2018

Hertingshausen (Standing Stone / Menhir)

The menhir of Hertingshausen is located on the edge of a small wood, north of the K22 between Baunatal and Hertingshausen. It is a strangely wedged shaped 2m high stone that looks like much of it has broken away and is now missing.

Like the Hünstein - Großenritte in Baunatal this menhir consists of quartzite, which was probably broken from the Hertingshäuser cliffs.

Visited July 2018

Hünstein - Großenritte (Standing Stone / Menhir)

The Hünstein of Großenritte is now located at the Hünsteinplatz in the midst of a relatively new residential estate in Baunatal in the district of Großenritte. It is 2,75m high and weights about four tons.

It consists of a quartzite that is not present here. A material analysis showed that the Hünstein was probably broken from the Hertingshäuser cliffs, which are about 3.8km away.

Visited July 2018

Lautariusgrab - Gudensberg (Chambered Tomb)

The gallery grave Lautariusgrab (Gudensberg) lies about 500m southeast of the L3218 road between Metze and Edermünde. There is a car park (Gestecke) where a forest track to the tomb starts.

The tomb has a rectangular layout of 10m long and 5m wide, it is assumed that the tomb was not covered with stones, but with wood.

Visited July 2018

Taken from one of the (red) information board:

The Lautariusgrab is a prehistoric cultural monument from the Neolithic Wartberg culture in the Gudensberger city forest. The origin of the name is unclear.

The prehistoric site consists of an above-ground burial chamber with two open antechambers. The tomb is unique in northern Hesse because of its shape and the purely aboveground construction. Other plants of the Wartberg culture are the gallery tombs of Züschen and Calden, which were partially sunk into a slight slope or covered with a mound. The tomb has a rectangular layout with a length of 10 m and a width of 5 m. It was probably covered with wood. The processed stones are made of quartzite and basalt. The floor of the grave was paved.

Settlements of the Wartberg culture are less than a kilometer away on the Gudensberger Bürgel and Güntersberg.

In 1932 the tomb was first uncovered and examined. Only a few skeletal remains in the form of bone fragments, a few fragments of cups and two stone ax made of siliceous rock were found. This small number of finds is explained by the above-ground construction and the rapid decay after ritual use. It makes dating difficult, but it can be assumed that the grave dates from around 3500-3000 BC. Chr. The finds are today kept in the Hessian State Museum in Kassel.

Züschen I (Chambered Tomb)

Züschen I, classified as a gallery grave or a Hessian-Westphalian stone cist, lies east of Züschen and north of the road L3218 to Lohne. There is a small car park about 100m south of the tomb. According to Wikipedia the German term of gallery grave for a certain type of megalithic sites is derived from the French term Allée couverte.

The rectangular chamber is 20m long and 3.5m wide. It is built of rectangular sandstone slabs, which can't be found on this valley side of the Elbebach. Each long wall consists of a row of 12 slabs, one of which is missing. The narrow walls consist of a single slab each. Some of the stones (b1 and b2) contain some incised carvings, comparable to prehistoric rock art elsewhere in Europe.

Due to increasing vandalism, like the engraving of names and signs, the tomb was roofed and fenced in 1986. According to the display panel, it is still possible to visit the tomb from inside, a key can be obtained from the museum in Fritzlar located in the Hochzeithaus (wedding house).

Visited July 2018

Hilgenstein - Werkel (Standing Stone / Menhir)

The menhir Hilgenstein is situated in the south of the village of Werkel, east of a development area in the street Am Hilgenstein.

The menhir is 1.5m high and 0.5m (base) respectively 0.3 m (top) wide. As there were no archaeological finds found nearby, it could not be dated beyound doubt. It is assumed that the current location is not identical to the original location.

Visited July 2018

D47 Emmen (Angelslo) (Hunebed)

Like its neighbour D46 Emmen (Angelslo), D47 Emmen (Angelslo) has been swallowed by the city of Emmen some time ago. I'm not a big fan of 'urbanized' megalithic sites, as I always find that they lack atmosphere, which is, beside the site itself, also important for me. In the case of these two Hunebeds I have to admit, that the impacts of the surrounding residential settlements are not too disturbing.

D47 Emmen (Angelslo) is a mid size Hunebed (6.9 x 2m), consisting originally of five capstones. In a restoration in 1997, two random boulders were added but not noticeable in the meantime anymore. The supporting stones and end stones are all present and are located almost entirely below the ground level.

The 'official' (signed) approach by car is to park in Heesackers street (around house no. 27) , which is right in the middle between the two Hunebeds and walk to each site from here.

Visited July 2018

D46 Emmen (Angelslo) (Hunebed)

Like its neighbour D47 Emmen (Angelslo), D46 Emmen (Angelslo) has been swallowed by the city of Emmen some time ago. I'm not a big fan of 'urbanized' megalithic sites, as I always find that they lack atmosphere, which is, beside the site itself, also important for me. In the case of these two Hunebeds I have to admit, that the impacts of the surrounding residential settlements are not too disturbing.

D46 Emmen (Angelslo) is a mid size Hunebed (9.5 x 3.6m), consisting originally of five capstones, the middle capstone is not present anymore. The supporting stones and end stones are all present.

The 'official' (signed) approach by car is to park in Heesackers street (around house no. 27) , which is right in the middle between the two Hunebeds and walk to each site from here.

Visited July 2018

D45 Emmen (Emmerdennen) (Hunebed)

D45 Emmerdennen is one of the most beautiful Hunebeds in The Netherlands. It is located on a small clearing in the woods, about 650m north of Scheper Zieckenhuis (hospital). Although the busy town of Emmen is nearby, the place emits a certain kind of tranquility and peace. The Hunebeds lies on a small hill, which also adds to the grandeur of this place.

It is one of the larger Hunebeds (18.5 x 4.5m), there are still six of originally nine capstones remaining (three capstone of the eastern section are missing) and two of the entrance stones. The eastern remaing capstone is remarkable large. From the originally 38 kerbstones only 13 are still present, 25 have disappeared.

Highly recommended!

Visited July 2018

Wotanstein - Maden (Standing Stone / Menhir)

The menhir Wotanstein is situated on the south-west corner of the village of Maden, east of the road K9, which leads from Maden to Obervorschütz. The site is signed, it is less than 50m from the road.

The menhir is 2.12m high, 1.2 m wide, and 0.55 m thick, it lies in a small clearing framed by hedges and trees.

Why a park bench with its back was set directly on the Menhir remains an eternal mystery to me. I would have placed it at a respectful distance and with a view on the menhir.

Visited July 2018

taken from the information board:

The Wotanstein in Maden

The Wotanstein (also "Wodanstein"), is considered one of the most imposing megalithic monuments in Germany. As megaliths (from ancient Greek megas = "large" and lithos = "stone") one refers to large, often uncut stone blocks that were used as building blocks for grave and cultural facilities or erected as monoliths and positioned in stone settings. The Western and Northern European megalithic structures were all built in the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age. The rite of setting up such menhirs (Breton: men = stone, hir = long) was taken over from present-day France.

The uniqueness of the Wotanstein is that it consists of non-local quartzite. This material can only be found again in the area of ??Borken, around 25 km away. It is believed that the foundling was brought here and placed in the 3rd millennium BC.

An early ritual or religious use is very likely due to the conspicuous accumulation of similar menhirs in the area between Fritzlar and Kassel. The stone was then later (from the 1st millennium before Christ) probably used by the Chatti in the sacral landscape Mattium as a place of worship of Wodan (also "Wotan", main deity in the Nordic-Germanic mythology).

The stone was first mentioned in 1407 as "the long stone at Madin". According to oral tradition, the stone has been excavated in the 7-year War (1756-1763) because treasures were suspected under him. But only the remains of human bones were found, and it was realized that it was as deep buried in the earth as it is above the earth.

According to legend, the devil wanted to smash the stone from the Lamsberg on the first Christian church of Boniface in Fritzlar, which had been built from the wood of the Donareiche. However, it bounced off the pre-occupied shield of the Archangel Michael and drove to the place where it is today, into the earth. The impressions and holes on the stone were interpreted as handprints of the devil (devil's claw).

D44 Westenesch (Hunebed)

The only special 'feature' of D44 Westenesch is the fact, that it is the only Hunebed in the Netherlands in private ownership. Apart from that, there are only a few remnants that should probably only be of interest to the Hunebed completionists among us.

Visited July 2018

D43 Schimeres (Hunebed)

D43 Emmen Schimmeres is a must see site, as it is the only long grave in The Netherlands. Normally long graves are more in common in Denmark and Germany, and indeed the Hunebed is more similar e.g. to Visbeker Bräutigam 3, Visbeker Braut and Glaner Braut 2 near Wildeshausen as to any other dutch Hunebed.

The long grave is 40.3 meters long and 6.8 meters wide, inside the 53 enclosing stones there are two burial chambers. The entrance to the northern burial chamber (4.6 x 3.0m) lay to the east, the entrance to the southern burial chamber (8.1 x 2.9m) lay to the west. The northern burial chamber originally had three capstones and six supporting stones, the southern burial chamber had five capstones and ten supporting stones.

Unfortunately, the Hunebed is currently heavily overgrown in some sections, but nevertheless a great place to visit.

Visited July 2018

D41 Emmermeer (Hunebed)

D41 Emmen-N lies right beside the road to Oddorn. It is a nice little and notably flat Hunebed, even the capstones are flat. It is the last discovered hunebed in Drenthe. It is a relatively complete preserved with four capstones, two endstones and eight supporting stones.

Due to the proximity of the road and the housing estates the atmosphere is a little bit disturbed.

Visited July 2018

Valther Forest, Emmen (Complex)

300m after the roundabout on the road to Odoorn, right after the town sign of Emmen, look for the Hunebed sight and turn right into a sandy track. After about 200m you will reach a gate, where you can park your car. From here it is a 10min walk (700m) to these trio of Hunebeds. Beside the Hunebed trio in Bronneger (D23 Bronneger, D24 Bronneger and D25 Bronneger), this is the only other Hunebed trio in The Netherlands.

D40 Emmerveld-ZO is the most impressive one of the trio, especially the two huge capstones are really awesome. From certain angles, it appear as only one capstone, which is broken in two pieces. D39 Emmerveld-ZW is interesting, because it it still buried mainly in its mound. Unfortunately there are not many stones left. D38 Emmerveld-N consists of only two remaining capstones of original five.

Overall not the best Hunebeds of Drenthe, but they are located in a splendid beautiful heathland clearing, which alone justifies a visit!

Visited July 2018

D42 Emmeres (Hunebed)

This is one of the larger (16.8 x 4.5 m), but also one of the lesser known dolmens of Drenthe. Originally it had 9 capstones, 4 of which are left over. Also 7 supporting stones and an endstone have disappeared. The terrain where it is, was called the 'Stien Camp' - the Stone field.

The Hunebed is special because the entrance was once formed by a corridor of twice three stones facing each other. Such a long 'corridor' has no other Hunebed; nothing can be seen anymore.

There is an impressive oak tree that rises from the middle of the Hunebed.

Visited July 2018

D35 Valthe (Hunebed)

On the road (Melkweg) between Klijndijk and Valthe, about 300m behind Klijndijk is a car park on the right side. From here it is just a 250m walk to D35 Valthe.

There is not much to see on this Hunebed, only two of once five capstones have survived and the supporting stone are looking only very little out of the mound.

But the place where it is is very special. The Hunebed lies north of 'pingo ruin' (a glacial hollow), a large circular layer, which was once a lake or a swamp. So the builders of the Hunebed have chosen this place deliberately.

Visited July 2018

D32 Odoorn (Hunebed)

About 300m after the town sign of Odoom on the road to Borger you will find on the right a Hunebed sign, on the left a boulder marking the field track to the Hunebed. Just behind the Hunebed sign is a small paved area, which can be used as a parking space. From here is it just 250m to walk to the Hunebed.

D32 Odoorn is called a 'low' Hunebed, as the supporting and end stones are still buried half in the ground. The Hunebed is no longer complete: one capstone and three of the ten supporting stones are missing.

Near the Hunebed were once four other Hunebeds (now disappeared): D32a, D32b, D32c and D32d. It is said that the church of Odoorn is made up of stones from these Hunebeds.

Visited July 2018

D34 Valthe (Hunebed)

The Hunebed can be reached via a dirt road from the road between Valthe and Odoorn. On the other side of this road is the largest burial mound of Drenthe Eppiesbergje burial mound. I parked at the crossing of Odoornerweg and Bergjesweg and walked for about 400m to the site, passing the destroyed D33 Valtherveld (not visible anymore).

D34 Valthe is 7.8m long and 3.0m wide. There are three of the five capstones and two of the entrance stones left, the ten supporting stones and the two endstones are almost hidden under the ground. The surrounding mound can still be seen, the Hunebed itselt lies in a small hollow.

According to Wikipedia, the oldest trading route in Drenthe runs along D31 Exloo, D33 Valtherveld, D34 Valthe, D35 Valthe and the burial mound Eppiesbergje. The Valtherzandweg forms part of this prehistoric route.

Visited July 2018
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During my first trip to Ireland back in 2006, I was bitten by the 'megalithic' bug and since then I seek for every opportunity to visit as much sites as possible, with a bias for stone circles.

As I live in the southwest of Germany (not an area famous for megaliths), I rely on my holidays to be able to visit these sites.

My TMA Content: