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Nucleus

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Oberndorfmark A (Passage Grave) — Fieldnotes

The northeast-southwest oriented rectangular burial chamber consists of ten wall stones, four supporting stones on the long sides and one endstone on the narrow sides. Three capstones rested on the four pairs of supporting stones, the middle one of which is considerably narrower and has been broken. The chamber measures 6.5 x 2 m. In the middle of the southeast side is the entrance from which the pair of supporting stones is preserved, while the capstone is missing.

Visited June 2019

Oberndorfmark A (Passage Grave) — Images (click to view fullsize)

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Oberndorfmark B (Passage Grave) — Fieldnotes

The rectangular burial chamber extends from northeast to southwest. Here, too, four pairs of supports form the long sides, which - as usual, but in contrast to tomb A - also correspond to four capstones. From the entrance in the southeast, only the southern supporting stone remains in situ. The dimensions of the chamber are 7 x 2.2 m. The tomb was scientifically investigated in 1924 by K.H. Jacob Friesen.

Visited June 2019

Oberndorfmark B (Passage Grave) — Images

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Oberndorfmark C (Passage Grave) — Fieldnotes

The relatively short burial chamber, which is also north-south-west facing, consists of three capstones, three supporting stones on the southeast side, four supporting stones in the northwest and the two end stones. The complex was restored by W. D. Asmus before the Second World War. Previously, the north-east yoke with the endstone, the middle supporting stone on the south-east long side and the south-west endstone were in situ. Two yokes had collapsed due to the weight of the capstones. The dimensions of the chamber is 5 x 2 m. The entrance appears to have been between the first and second girders (counted from the right) on the south-east long side.

Visited June 2019

Oberndorfmark C (Passage Grave) — Images

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Oberndorfmark D (Passage Grave) — Images

<b>Oberndorfmark D</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Oberndorfmark D</b>Posted by Nucleus

Oberndorfmark E (Passage Grave) — Fieldnotes

Tomb E is the northernmost tomb of the Sieben Steinhäuser.

The rectangular north-east-south-west burial chamber is around 5.60 mx 2.00 m in size. Similar to tomb A, the long sides consist of four supporting stones, on which there are only three capstones. The supporting stone of the southwestern narrow side was missing and was added during restoration. From the passage in the middle of the southeastern long side, which consisted of two yokes, there are only two supporting stones left.

Visited June 2019

Oberndorfmark D (Passage Grave) — Fieldnotes

Tomb D is the most striking tomb of the Sieben Steinhäuser. The chamber is covered by a single massive slab, measuring approximately 4.60 mx 4.20 m in thickness. The clear width of the compact chamber is about 4 m x 3 m. In the middle of the southeast side is the entrance, the two supporting stones of which are original, while the capstone was added. The tomb has a rectangular stone enclosure or giant bed. It is about 7 m wide und 14 m long, apart from an abrupt gap to the southwest. According to the information board, the enclosure was once much longer, but was shortened to its current length for the use of the perimeter stones for the other tombs.

Visited June 2019

Oberndorfmark E (Passage Grave) — Images

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Sieben Steinhäuser (Bad Fallingbostel) (Megalithic Cemetery) — Fieldnotes

After my first attempt to visit the Sieben Steinhäuser failed in 2019, I tried it again almost exactly a year later, on the return journey of my megalithic tour through the Weser-Elbe triangle. This time I had informed myself beforehand whether a visit to the megalithic tombs at the NATO training area Bergen-Hohne is possible. Nevertheless, I was a little nervous when I approached the gatehouse, because my disappointment to have to stand in front of a locked barrier again and have to turn back would have been correspondingly high. But this time it worked without any problems. After registering, I received a visitor badge, instructions on how to behave, and a short information letter about the megalithic tombs. From the gatehouse you have to drive about 5 km to the parking lot, leaving the road and the marked ways is strictly forbidden, as there may still be ammunition left outside the roads and paths.

The Sieben Steinhäuser near Bad Fallingbostel are among the most famous large stone graves in Germany. Since they only consist of five graves, research was long carried out on two allegedly destroyed graves. However, an engraving from 1744 shows that there were only five tombs at that time. In the vernacular, "sieben" (seven) simply means in this context "several". For example, "meine Siebensachen" meaning "my seven things" do not consist of seven parts, but means "all my belonings". The good state of preservation of the tombs also suggests that there were originally only five.

Today, the tombs are protected by high earth walls against shooting practice and are surrounded by a fairly narrow fencing, which has a somewhat disturbing effect on the atmosphere. Nevertheless, it is worth a visit. When do you have the chance to see such five impressive megalithic tombs within a radius of only 200 m.

If you want to visit the site, please read my first fieldnotes below for a link, when the site is open for the public.

Visited June 2019

taken from the on-site information board:

As evidence of the oldest cultural landscape in northern Germany, megalithic tombs are among the most important archaeological monuments. The outstanding group of the Sieben Steinhäuser was already listed as a historic monument during the agricultural reform in 1923. Since it consists of only five individual graves, research was long carried out on two allegedly destroyed graves. However, an engraving from 1744 shows that there were only five tombs at that time.

In the 3rd millennium BC the tombs were built by the first farmers of the Funnel Beaker Culture. After the ice age glaciers melted, the stones boulders remained scattered in the heath.

Four of the five megalithic tombs were excavated and restored between 1924 and 1937. They were originally covered by mounds of earth. The sand that flowed through the wind and rain over the course of the millennia was not heaped up again during the restoration.

The transportation of the boulders and the construction of the graves using the simple technical means available at the time testify to the organizational talent and technical skills of the Neolithic people.

The Sieben Steinhäuser are now in a military training area. To protect against granite impacts, earth walls have been raised that surround the individual graves. The visual context between the tombs and the surrounding landscape has been lost as a result, but so far the group of monuments has been saved from being destroyed.

Oberndorfmark D (Passage Grave) — Fieldnotes

taken from the on-site information board:

The Sieben Steinhäuser (Seven Stone Houses)
Megalithic Tombs of the Neolithic around 2300 BC

The history of the construction and use of the Sieben Steinhäuser can be traced on the basis of the form of the megalithic tombs and the excavation results obtained at the end of the thirties.

In the middle phase of the Neolithic period the tomb D with its huge capstone was built according to West European model first.

The tomb was enclosed by an elongated Hunebed, which was later shortened to its current length for the use of the perimeter stones for the other tombs. In one go, the site was subsequently extended by four almost identical stone tombs (A, B, C and E).

From the lower found layer of tomb B came as an addition a ceramic vessel (1) and a flint blade (2) to light. In tomb C the amber oyster (3) and the cross-cutting arrowhead (4) also belong to the oldest find.

While the construction of the passage graves is based on the North German tradition, the ceramics point to close contacts with the Central German area.

In the late Neolithic period, the graves were reused after partial clearing of the old burials. In them, the dead were buried with such typical additions as the vessel with herringbone pattern (5) from tomb E individually. With the end of the Neolithic Age, people no longer bury themselves in megalithic tombs. But they were respected by all cultural groups until modern times.

Oberndorfmark D (Passage Grave) — Images

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Sieben Steinhäuser (Bad Fallingbostel) (Megalithic Cemetery) — Images

<b>Sieben Steinhäuser (Bad Fallingbostel)</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Sieben Steinhäuser (Bad Fallingbostel)</b>Posted by Nucleus

Völkersen (Chambered Tomb) — Fieldnotes

Völkersen is the only surviving megalithic tomb in the district of Verden. The tomb is almost completely destroyed. Only one stone is left, which may be one of the final stones of the burial chamber. A panel attached to the stone mentions nine original supporting stones.

On the eastern outskirts of Völkersen on the road to the B215 the road Düvelshagen leads to the northeast. Follow the road for about 800 meters to a fork, here take the right road and reach after 850 meters to a natural gas extraction plant. Here you can park. Immediately before the plant, a path leads west into a grove. After 275 meters, a path branches off to the south-southwest, followe this path for 130 meters. Directly east of the path lies the ruined tomb.

Visited June 2019

Völkersen (Chambered Tomb) — Images

<b>Völkersen</b>Posted by Nucleus<b>Völkersen</b>Posted by Nucleus
Showing 1-50 of 4,084 posts. Most recent first | Next 50
During my first trip to Ireland back in 2006, I was bitten by the 'megalithic' bug and since then I seek for every opportunity to visit as much sites as possible, with a bias for stone circles.

As I live in the southwest of Germany (not an area famous for megaliths), I rely on my holidays to be able to visit these sites.

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