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Danbury

Hillfort

<b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMANImage © Robert Gladstone
Also known as:
  • Danbury Camp

Nearest Town:Chelmsford (6km W)
OS Ref (GB):   TL778051 / Sheet: 167
Latitude:51° 42' 57.21" N
Longitude:   0° 34' 26.82" E

Added by Rhiannon


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<b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN <b>Danbury</b>Posted by GLADMAN

Fieldnotes

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Strange one, this.... although Danbury Camp overlooks the 'Sunday walking' route I've undertaken for the best part of two decades - when not otherwise engaged somewhere else in these Isles, of course - I've only actually visited the site upon a couple of occasions.

I guess the most obvious reason for this is the paucity of visible prehistoric remains. Or at least of the kind that didn't need digging up by your friendly local archeaologist. There are no impressive, free standing ramparts left to walk around, or sit upon looking south-westwards towards Hanningfield Reservoir... just a few, barely identifiable remnants of tree-cloaked earthwork running from north-west to south-west backing onto residents' gardens... I think. Hey, even the information panel by the church entrance has rotted away to oblivion. However this is not to say that this former Iron Age enclosure is empty. Oh no. Far from it. The 13th Century church of St. John the Baptist is the most obvious Johnny-come-lately (ha!) with attendant graveyard and garden allotments providing a rather peculiar juxtaposition of 'life and death', if the truth be told. A water tank/tower and, last and definately least, a large antennae add to the general confusion.

Today only a few locals taking shortcuts break the silence and disturb the pristine white blanket of snow.... seeing as the expected multitude of children sledging down the hillside are simply nowhere to be seen. What is it with kids nowadays? Yeah, in conditions such as this the old hillfort still retains echoes of its ancient past, if somewhat uncomfortably in the literal shadow of such an impressive Christian edifice.

I retrace my steps back down to road by The Cricketer's Arms and continue on my way - without pausing to sample anything, you understand. The landscape can look no better than it does today under this brilliant winter sun slowly sinking to the horizon, trees a firey combination of orange and red, the fields a mantle of glistening white. As I cut through Danbury Lakes on the way back to the car, the sun's rays reflecting off the frozen water and silhouetting a moorhen standing somewhat confused mid-lake, I'm suddenly chuffed to bits that Danbury Camp is still clinging to existance upon the overlooking hill. The nearby 'palace' may be a conference centre now, but somehow the ancient hillfort adds a sense of substantiality to being here. Funny, isn't it?
GLADMAN Posted by GLADMAN
6th December 2010ce
Edited 18th October 2011ce

Folklore

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A village grew up inside this hillfort, including the church of St John the Baptist. In 1402 the Devil appeared in the church during a terrible thunderstorm, taking on the form of a grey friar and 'behaving himself verie outrageouslie' according to Holinshed's Chronicles (written in the 16th century). The nave and a part of the chancel were destroyed. Cynics will put this down to the relative height of church, the fort being the highest point in Essex, and thus vulnerable to lightning and eldritch storms, rather than to any devilish qualities of the fort itself.

Mentioned in Westwood and Simpson's 'Lore of the Land' (2005) p255.

It seems to be originally in Thomas Walsingham's 'Historia Anglicana', written at about the time the event is supposed to have happened? You can see it here, and if you put the latin into google translate (I'm afraid my latin talents won't run to it otherwise), you will hear about Unspeakable Terror of the parishioners and flashing globes of lightning.
Rhiannon Posted by Rhiannon
24th February 2006ce
Edited 12th February 2014ce

Miscellaneous

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Having been part of my 'Sunday walking' landscape for the past 20 years, or so, I'd love to be able to report that this is an essential visit. Sadly this is not the case, however. Although the defences of this plateau hillfort - consisting apparently of single rampart and ditch - can still, for the most part, be traced, all but the most enthusiastic visitor will no doubt leave disappointed. The most prominent feature of the site - discounting the large antennae mast nearby, that is - is the 13th Century Church of St. John the Baptist. Great if you like that sort of thing, I guess.

Excavations have revealed evidence of Iron Age occupation; however the name Danbury seems to relate to the Saxon 'Daeningas' tribe. Fair enough. The 'fort now echoes - if that's the right word - to the shouts of local sportsmen on the nearby playing fields at weekends. At other times it is quiet save the occasional walker or gardener tending the allotments within the enclosure.

In summary, then, worth a look if you're in the area, but don't arrive expecting to be awed by mighty ramparts........
GLADMAN Posted by GLADMAN
7th November 2009ce
Edited 7th November 2009ce