Amesbury Bowl Barrow - SU 13140 42040 - March 2008
Ordnance Survey Explorer Map 130 - Scale 1:25000
Salisbury & Stonehenge inc. Wilton & Market Lavington.
Not much to see of Scheduled Monument SM10303, a flattened Bowl barrow. It was almost completely excavated in 1960 by Paul Ashbee, when the A303 was widened for the dual carriageway. A C14 date of 1670 bc +/- 90 was recorded.
When Sir R.C. Hoare first opened it, he recorded finding a primary cremation with shale and amber cones, along with various beads. See, The Ancient History of Wiltshire Vol 1, page 159.
If you take the "permissive path" from the Stonehenge car park, to the New King Barrows you will walk right over it. The path runs parallel to the A344, in the field boundary to Stonehenge Bottom. Gates are provided for access and it is a lot safer than trying to walk along side the road.
I've taken the name from Castleden's 'Neolithic Britain' though the barrow isn't exactly in Amesbury. It's right next to the A303 between Stonehenge and the New King's Barrows. It's probably very obvious though when you're on the 303 at this point you're probably either gawping at Stonehenge or concentrating on the traffic. It's been excavated twice, in the early 1800s and in 1960. A fire had been lit on the surface of the land before the mound was raised. Worked flints and animal bones and pottery sherds were found in the core of the mound - these came from an earlier era than the late neolithic mortuary structure discovered, and were maybe deliberately incorporated. Grave goods included shale beads and buttons and amber beads. Maybe I'm just a magpie, but I like to know about these personal artefacts, because I know I'd be the proud owner of such rare and carefully made things too.